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Day 4 : Cyber Physical systems, RUSA, Padayani dance, Pro bono Legal services (in Hindi).
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Let's continue this awesome journey of current affairs with the 4th lesson. Must Watch video.

Rahul Agrawal is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Rahul Agrawal
The Ultimate Doubt Destroyer on Unacademy. One of the Top Educator on the Unacademy platform. Famous for Doubt destroyer series.

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bahut khoob Sir.. thanks for your help and support
  1. Most Important Current Affairs At A Glance For UPSC CSE Prelims 2018 ahul Agrawal R. AGRAWAL


  2. About me:- Verified Educator at unacademy (Doubt destroyer) R. AGRAWAL


  3. CENTRE KICKS OFF PROGRAMME ON CYBER PHYSICAL SYSTEMS With autonomous vehicles and robot-executed surgeries becoming commonplace around the world, the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has initiated a Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) programme. CPs is an interdisciplinary field that deals with the deployment of computer-based systems that do things in the physical world, such as, for instance, the self-driven cars produced by Google and Tesla. R. AGRAWAL


  4. Even smart grids (where electricity is optimally distributed on the basis of calculations in real time by micro-processors) as well as autonomous unmanned vehicles and aircraft navigation systems qualify as 'cyber physical systems." Still at a nascent stage, it has been conceived as a 23,000-crore exercise that would, at first, take root in some of the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). The thrust of the initiative would be to "break silos" in academia and encourage greater synergy between the university scientists and industry R. AGRAWAL


  5. PORTAL AND MOBILE APP OF RASHTRIYA UCHCHATAR SHIKSHA ABH YAN (RUSA) The portal is a one-stop for States' Higher Education Plans, decision of the States' Higher Education Councils and details of the resources under this scheme. Ot will capture the fund allocation as per the Project Approval Board, the instalment-wise fund release by the centre and the state, the institution-wise key project, vendors appointed and the payment made to them as also stage-wise photos and time stamps of payments made and comments entered. component-wise details give a quick snapshot into the funding of RUSA projects. Whether it is infrastructure grants of equity initiatives, this window gives a peek into the funds approved, the amount released, the sum utilized and the percentage of work completed R. AGRAWAL


  6. PORTALAND MOBILE APP OF RASHTRIYA UCHCHATAR SHIKSHA ABH YAN (RUSA) Stakeholders can also get granular details on the money released from the centre and the state. The date stamps give a picture on the timelines followed and the pictures provide the ground reality. Tracking projects is the soul of this App, and every initiative is tagged with a unique ID number, thus providing the entire story of how an idea germinated and matured. OA powerful Dashboard gives an overall picture of the scheme and the state-wise performance of the impact that the programme has made. R. AGRAWAL


  7. ABOUT RUSA: RUSA was initiated to incentivise and disincentivise state actions. It aimed at creating new universities through upgradation of existing autonomous colleges and conversion of colleges in a cluster. The scheme was launched in 2013 and aimed at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions R. AGRAWAL


  8. ABOUT RUSA: The central funding (in the ratio of 60:40 for general category States, 90:10 for special category states and 100% for union territories) would be norm based and outcome dependent The funding would flow from the central ministry through the state governments/union territories to the State Higher Education Councils before reaching the identified institutions R. AGRAWAL


  9. Objectives of the scheme are as follows: Improve the overall quality of state institutions by ensuring conformity to prescribed norms and standards and adopt accreditation as a mandatory quality assurance framework Ensure reforms in the affiliation, academic and examination systems Ensure adequate availability of quality faculty in all higher educational institutions and ensure capacity building at all levels of employment. Create an enabling atmosphere in the higher educational institutions to devote themselves to research and innovations. R. AGRAWAL


  10. Objectives of the scheme are as follows: Expand the institutional base by creating additional capacity in existing institutions and establishing new institutions, in order to achieve enrolment targets. Correct regional imbalances in access to higher education by setting up institutions in unserved & underserved areas. Improve equity in higher education by providing adequate opportunities of higher education to SC/STs and socially and educationally backward classes; promote inclusion of women, minorities, and differently abled persons. R. AGRAWAL


  11. PADAYANI DANCE Padayani was performed by magico-medicine men of Kerala to heal the illnesses not amenable to medical modalities of intervention It is believed that it is evolved from a symbolic past reminiscent of fencing march of martial art Kalari. Eventually in Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Kottayam districts of Kerala, the Nair folk became the performers of the modern form of Padayani art, but the design and making of costumes vested with Kaniyar people. R. AGRAWAL


  12. Unique Features: The dance is performed in honor of Bhadrakaali. Meaning, a row of warriors, Padayani is an art form that blends music, dance, theatre, satire, facial masks, and paintings Padayani is unique to central Travancore, comprising the Pathanamthitta district of Kerala. R. AGRAWAL


  13. PRO BONO LEGAL SERVICES l The 'Pro bono legal services' initiative is a web based platform, through which interested lawyers can register themselves to volunteer pro bono services for the underprivileged litigants, who are unable to afford it. The Department of Justice has launched the online application for this initiative on its website doj.gov.in. R. AGRAWAL


  14. TELE LAW: MAINSTREAM NG LEGAL AID THROUGH COMMON SERVICE CENTRE Through this initiative, the Department of Justice and NALSA are partnering with CSC- E- Governance Service Limited for mainstreaming legal aid to the marginalized communities through the Common Service Centers (CSCs). This initiative is aimed at facilitating delivery of legal advice through an expert panel of lawyers stationed at the State Legal Services Authorities (SLSA). R. AGRAWAL


  15. Some of the important guidelines are as follows: NITI Aayog has been appointed as the nodal agency for the purpose of registration and accreditation of VOs/NGOs seeking funding from the Government of India. The Aayog has been also tasked with maintaining of database systems to manage and disseminate information relating to NGOs/VOs As per the new guidelines, an NGO will be blacklisted if it provides false and misleading information to the Centre. R. AGRAWAL


  16. Some of the important guidelines are as follows: Under the stringent guidelines, NGOs would be provided a unique ID and subjected to the Income Tax Act and Foreign Contribution Regulations act. They would be granted accreditation after their internal governance and ethical standards are evaluated. Past record of NGOs too would be scrutinized before they are given accreditation. A three-tier scrutiny would be in place to evaluate utilization of funds and the process would also include quality of work done by the NGOs. R. AGRAWAL


  17. Some of the important guidelines are as follows: It would be mandatory for the NGOs to execute a bond to refund the amount with 10% interest if they fail to execute the project for which the grant is allocated. Misappropriation of funds would invite both criminal and civil cases. R. AGRAWAL


  18. Online Statement Of Transaction (e-SOT) and the e-PRAN card launched for Atal Pension Yojana (APY) With a view to digitally empower the Atal Pension Yojana (APY) subscribers and improve the quality of service, the facility of online viewing of the statement of transaction (e-SOT) and the Permanent Retirement Account Number (e-PRAN) card have been launched. More than 45 lakhs APY subscribers are likely to be benefited. R. AGRAWAL


  19. Atal Pension Yojana (APY) There is option for Spouse to continue to contribute for balance period on premature death of subscriber before 60 years, so as to avail pension by Spouse. There are tax benefits at entry, accumulation and pension payment phases. If the actual returns on the pension contributions during the accumulation phase are higher than the assumed returns for the minimum guaranteed pension, such excess returns are passed on to the subscriber, resulting in enhanced scheme benefits. R. AGRAWAL