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WELCOME TO NEW COURSE PT 2019: Compilation of IR for Prelims and Mains 2019 June 2018 to June 2019 MORE IMPORTANTLY WE WILL SEE WHAT IS RELEVANCE OF THAT PATICULAR NEWS FOR PRELIMS AND MAINS TARGET AUDIENCE: ALL UPSC ,STATE PSC ASPIRANTS PLZ RATE REVIEW AND RECOMMEND & DON'T FORGET TO ENROLL
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS GS Paper (Prelims) & GS Paper II (Main) INDIA'S OUTREACH TO AFRICA Foreign Policy Bilateral relations Recently, the Prime Minister of India undertook a visit to Rwanda, Uganda and South Africa. This was the first visit by an Indian Prime Minister to Rwanda and he also became the first Prime Minister to address the Ugandan Parliament. The visit to South Africa was in the context of BRICS Summit. Let us understand India's bilateral relationship with each country, within the context of India's relationship with Africa.
KENYA UGANDA RWANDA ANZANI Atlantic Ocean ZAMBI NAMIBIA Indian Ocean SOUTHAFR
PRINCIPLES GUIDING INDIAN FOREIGN POLICY IN AFRICA The Prime Minister of India highlighted the principles guiding India's engagement with Africa in his address to Ugandan parliament, wherein the principles are: Africa will be at the top of India's foreign policy priorities and India will have sustained and regular engagements to intensify and deepen its relations with Africa India's development partnership with Africa will be guided by priorities formed by respective African countries India will also rely on African talent and skill to build local capacity and create local opportunities. India will keep its markets open and make it easier and more attractive for Africa to trade with India. India will also support its industry to invest in Africa
India will harness its experience with digital revolution to support Africa's development, improve delivery of public services, extend education and health, spread digital literacy, expand financial inclusion and mainstream the marginalised India will work with Africa to improve its agriculture output, wherein Africa has 60 per cent of the world's arable land, but produces just 10 per cent of the global output. India will collaborate with Africa to address the challenges of climate change, wherein India will work with Africa to ensure a just international climate order, preserve biodiversity; and adopt clean and efficient energy sources. India will strengthen its cooperation and enhance mutual capabilities in combating terrorism and extremism, keep our cyberspace safe and secure and supporting the UN in advancing and keeping peace
CONCERNS IN INDIA-AFRICA TRADE AND INVESTMENT Decreasein the Indian presence . According to the World Investment Report, 2018 by UNCTAD, India's FDI in Africa was at $16 billion in 2011-12 but has dropped to $14 Billion 2016-17. However, China's investment has increased from $16 billion in 2011-12 to $40 billion in 2016-17 Similarly, India's international trade with Africa has decreased from $67 billion in 2013 to $51 billion in 2017, while China's has crossed $170 billion in 2017. India's FDI in Africa was roughly equal to China's in 2011-12 ensuring a parity of both emerging economies in Africa. However, India has shown deterioration in economic ties thereby losing economic competitiveness to China in Africa
3400/quintal The imports would further reduce pulse prices and increase distress for pulse farmers in India. Rwanda and Uganda Convergence on Global Concerns UNPKF Rwanda o India and Rwanda agreed to strengthen cooperation in the area of UN Peacekeeping as two large contributors of UN Peace Keeping Force in Africa. India currently has soldiers and personnel deployed under UNPKF in South Sudan, Congo, Liberia, . and in other countries of Africa
Economic Cooperation Infrastructure development Rwanda India has extended Lines of Credit (LoC) of nearly $400 million in the field of hydropower, agriculture, skill development, industrial parks, expansion of Kigali Special Economic Zones, agricultural irrigation scheme and infrastructure with several separate grants for solar electrification, and other projects. India would also aid in Digital inclusion in Rwanda Uganda India extended LoC for Uganda for electricity lines and for agriculture and dairy production. India will also aid in capacity building in agriculture and healthcare, education and training, infrastructure and energy and training in defence.
Agricultural Cooperation Rwanda India and Rwanda updated an MoU on Cooperation in the field of Agriculture and Animal Resources that seeks to enhance cooperation in agriculture and livestock with strong emphasis on research, technological development, capacity building and human resource development as well as investment mobilization. An MoU on Dairy cooperation was signed between countries for training and research in Dairy, Processing of Dairy Products, quality and safety of cattle, biotechnological intervention in livestock
e Socio-Cultural Cooperation Cultural Outreach Rwanda PM Narendra Modi participated in Rwandan 'Girinka programme' in Rweru Model village near Kigali, Rwanda. 'Girinka programme' is a social protection scheme of one cow one family and the PM Modi gifted cows and US $200, 000 as a contribution from India to the Scheme
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