Concurrence Between Paper-1 and Paper-2 and possible conclusion
Fundamental/Legal Duties Which of the following statements is/ are true of the Fundamental Duties of an Indian citizen? 1. A legislative process has been provided to enforce these duties 2. They are correlative to legal duties. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 only (b) 2 only (c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
Fundamental/Legal Duties In the context of India, which one of the following is the correct relationship between Rights and Duties? (a) Rights are correlative with Duties. (b) Rights are personal and hence independent of society and Duties. (c) Rights, not Duties, are important for the advancement of the personality of the citizen. (d) Duties, not Rights, ae important for the stability of the State.
Fundamental/Legal Duties A successful democracy depends upon widespread interest and participation in politics, in which voting is an essential part. To deliberately refrain from taking such an interest, and from voting, is a kind of implied anarchy; it is to refuse one's political responsibility while enjoying the benefits of a free political society. This passage relates to (a) duty to vote (b) right to vote (c) freedom to vote (d political sescensbinth benefits of a free --articipate in politics
Fundamental/Legal Duties allhis ower In common under th e pacity we recelve eadh "The individual, according to Rousseau, puts his person and all his power in common under the supreme direction of the General Will and in our corporate capacity we receive each member as an indivisible part of the whole." In the light of the above passage, the nature of General Will is best described as (a) the sum total of the private wills of the individuals.
Fundamental/Legal Duties In the context of India, which one of the following is the correct relationship between Rights and Duties? (a) Rights are correlative with Duties. (b) Rights are personal and hence independent of society and Duties. (c) Rights, not Duties, are important for the advancement of the personality of the citizen (d) Duties, not Rights, are important for the stability of the State.
Democratic decentralization There has Been a significant trend worldwide towards regionalism in government, resulting in a widespread transfer of powers downwards towards regions and communities since 1990s. This process, which involves the creation of new political entities and bodies at a sub- national level and an increase in their content and powers, is known as devolution. Devolution has been characterized as being made up of three factors-political legitimacy, _decentralization of authority and decentralization of resources. Political legitimacy here means a mass demand from below for the decentralization process, which is able to create a political force for it to take place. In many cases, decentralization is initiated by the upper tier of government without sufficient political mobilization for it at the grassroots level, and in such case dacentralization process often does not fulfil its objectives
Democratic decentralization (a) Emergence of powerful mass leaders is essential to create sub-national political entities and thus successful devolution decentralization (b) The upper tier of government should impose devolution and decentralization on the regional communities by law or otherwise. (c) Devolution, to be successful, requires a democracy in which there is free expression of the will of the people at lower level and their active participation at the grassroots level (d) For devolution to take place, a strong feeling of regionalism in he masses is essential
Democratic decentralization Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in (a) Federalism (b) Democratic decentralization (c) Administrative delegation (d) Direct democracy
Participative Democracy Democracy's superior virtue lies in the fact that it calls into activity: (a) the intelligence and character of ordinary men and women. (b) the methods for strengthening executive leadership. (c) a superior individual with dynamism and vision. (d) a band of dedicated party workers. to the imeliligence and character af ordinar men and
Participative Democracy In a democratic State, where a high degree of political maturity of the people obtains, the conflict between the will of the sovereign law-making body and the organized will of the people seldom occurs.
Agriculture and GDP Which of the/rollowing has/have occurred in India after its liberalization of economic policies in 1991? 1. Share of agriculture in GDP increased enormously 2. Share of India's exports in world trade increased 3. FDI inflows increased 4. India's foreign exchange reserves increased enormously. Select the correct answer using the code given below: (a) 1 and 4 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only and 3 only
Agriculture and GDP Which among the following is the most logical and rational assumption that can be made from the above passage? (a) Innovation and R&D is the only way to reduce rural to urban migration. (b) Every rapidly growing country needs to minimize the divergence between productivity in agriculture and other sectors. (c) Inclusive innovation and R&D can help create an egalitarian society. (d) Rapid urbanization takes place only when a country's eco between productivity in agricuiture and other sectors rowth is rapid
Agriculture and GDP The challenge the author of the above passage throws to the public is to achieve? (a) a high standard of living, progress and privileges (b) equal privileges, fulfilment of destiny and political tolerance (c) spirit of adventure and economic parity d) hard work, brotherhood and national unity
Sustainable Agriculture of balance in nature and resurgence of treated populations. Natural pest control using the botanical pesticides is safer to the user and the environment because they break down into harmless compounds within hours or days in the presence of sunlight. Plants with pesticidal properties have been in nature for millions of years without any ill or adverse effects on the ecosystem. They are easily decomposed by many microbes common in most soils. They help in the maintenance of biological diversity of predators and the reduction of environmental contamination and human health hazards. Botanical pesticides formulated from plants are biodegradable and their use in crop protection is a practical susta le alternative
Sustainable Agriculture On the basis of the above passage, the following assumptions have been made: 1. Synthetic pesticides should never be used in modern agriculture. 2. One of the aims of sustainable agriculture is to ensure minimal ecological imbalance. 3. Botanical pesticides are more effective as compared to synthetic pesticides.
Sustainable Agriculture Consider the following statements The nation-wide 'Soil Health Carc Scheme aims at 1. expanding the cultivable area under irrigation. 2. enabling the banks to assess the quantum of loans to be granted to farmers on the basis of soil quality 3. checking the overuse of fertilizers in farmlands Which of the above statements is/are correct? (a) 1 and 2 only (b) 3 only 2 and 3 only and
Digital Economy We live in digital times. The digital is not just something we use strategically and specifically to do a few tasks. Our very perception of who we are, how we connect to the world around us, and the ways in which we define our domains of life, labour and language are hugely structured by the digital technologies. The digital is everywhere and, like air, invisible. We live within digital systems, we live with intimate gadgets, we interact through digital media, and the very presence and imagination of the digital has dramatically restructured our lives. The digital, far from being a tool, is a condition and context that defines the shapes and boundaries of our derstanding of the self, the society, and the structure of ve go
Is the correlation by chance or by design ?? There is more than a modicum of truth in the assertion that "a working knowledge of ancient history is necessary to the intelligent interpretation of current events". But the sage who uttered these words of wisdom might well have added something on the benefits of studying particularly the famous battles of history for the lessons they contain for those of us who lead or aspire to leadership. Such a study will reveal certain qualities and attributes which enabled the winners to win-and certain deficiencies which caused the losers to lose. And the student will see that the same pattern recurs consistently, again and -s throughout the centuries. dl
An engineer from IIT Kharagpur with over 4 years of teaching experience in both IIT JEE & UPSC CSE.