About me .Yasmin Gill BE(EEE) from UIET,PU .Qualified for UPSC Mains 2015 in 1st attempt State rank 24 in Punjab Civil Services 2015 .You can follow me on this link- Irvuserlyashia
Summary of Our Pasts-I By- Yasmin Gill
How do we find out about the past? Manuscripts Inscriptions . Archaelogy
Manuscripts (manu-Latin word-hand) .Usually on palm leaf-cut & tied together Or on specially prepared BARK of a tree-BIRCH-Himalayas . All kinds of subjects . Sanskrit, Prakrit, Tamil . Eaten away by insects Many preserved in temples & monasteries
onga Dw@etese min o2 Aduya ( - te igh e Ah yu an Nogi@u ng rigng./ " o ou pre bo ne o RBI e 6 n@a n a G e@ am@ LuM10 u
Inscriptions Inscripfions Writings on relatively hard surfaces-stone/metal . Generally by kings-victories, message to people . For e.g. Kandahar, Afghanistan-Ashokan inscription . Written in two different scripts and languages Greek and Armaic
EXPLAINED SCRIPT- Consists of letters/signs LANGUAGE- When we read what is written or speak ARCHAELOGISTS- Those who study such objects by excavations .
Excavations- Pots, tools, weapons, ornaments, coins, bones Plant remains survive very less Plant remains sUrvive very less
on banks of NARMADA-Skilled gatherers and hunters SULAIMAN & KIRTHAR RANGES-First began to grow crops- Wheat, Barley and REAR ANIMALS- Sheep,goat and cattle Lived in villages .
GARO HILLS(NE) & VINDHYAS- Agriculture developed North of Vindhyas-Rice was first grown INDUS & TRIBUTARIES- Some of earliest cities flourished . North of Vindhyas-Rice was first grown 4/00 years ago . GANGA & TRIBUTARIES- Later cities -2500 yrs ago . South of GANGA- MAGADHA KINGDOM
About dates . BC-Before Christ etor AD- Anno Domini-In the year of Lord (Christ) . 2017 as 2017 AD . CE-Common Era; BCE-Before Common Era
BHIMBETKA-MP- Habitation site- Wall paintings . MP as well as Southern UP . Wild animals drawn with great accuracy & skill . Caves & rock shelters . Close to NARMADA VALLEY Many such rock shelters-VINDHYAS & DECCAN PLATEAU .
KURNOOL CAVES, Andhra Pradesh- Traces of ash have been found HUNSGI, Karnataka -Habitation-cum-factory site Most tools here were made of LIMESTONE-locally available .
Check map of stone age sites in India Given on NCERT page no 14
Ostriches were found in India in PALAEOLITHIC period Ostrich egg shells-Patne in Maharashtra Designs engraved on some while beads made out of others . Otherwise they are native to AFRICA