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Battel of Plassey
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Battel of plassey

PRACHI GUPTA
Teaching is passion and learning from learners that what i believe is the best way of learning.Pursuing my Masters .Appeared 4 UGC and ibps

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Unacademy user
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answer of question are 1 a 2a 3d 4c 5 c
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answer of question are 1 a 2a 3d 4c 5 c
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answer of question are 1 a 2a 3d 4c 5 c
  1. BATTEL OF PLASSEY BY PRACHI GUPTA


  2. WHAT THE BATTEL IS? BATTLE OF PLASSEY WAS A DECISIVE VICTORY OF THE BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY OVER THE NAWAB OF BENGAL AND HIS FRENCH ALLIES ON 23 JUNE 1757. THE BATTLE CONSOLIDATED THE COMPANY'S PRESENCE IN BENGAL, WHICH LATER EXPANDED TO COVER MUCH OF INDIA OVER THE NEXT HUNDRED YEARS. . THE BATTLE TOOK PLACE AT PALASHI ON THE BANKS OF THE HOOGHLY RIVER, ABOUT 150 KILOMETRES (93 MI) NORTH OF CALCUTTA AND SOUTH OF MURSHIDABAD, THEN CAPITAL OF BENGAL (NOW IN NADIA DISTRICT IN WESTO BENGAL). THE BELLIGERENTS WERE THE NAWAB SIRAJUDDAULAH, THE LAST INDEPENDENT NAWAB OF BENGAL, AND THE BRITISH EAST INDIA COMPANY.


  3. BRITISH VICTORY UNDER ROBERT CLIVE AT PLASSEY IN BENGAL WAS A CRUCIAL EVENT IN THE HISTORY OF INDIA. THE YOUNG NAWAB OF BENGAL, SIRAJ-AD-DAULA, HAD TAKEN CALCUTTA FROM THE EAST INDIA COMPANY WITH A HUGE ARMY IN JUNE 1756, WHEN THE NOTORIOUS BLACK HOLE EPISODE OCCURRED. IT WAS NOT UNTIL AUGUST THAT THE NEWS REACHED THE COMPANY IN MADRAS AND NOT UNTIL OCTOBER THAT CLIVE, NOW 32 YEARS-OLD, LEFT FOR CALCUTTA AT THE HEAD OF A MIXED EUROPEAN-INDIAN FORCE OF SOME 2,500 MEN. HE DROVE SIRAJ'S ARMY OUT EARLY IN JANUARY 1757


  4. BLACK HOLE BLACK HOLE OF CALCUTTA WAS A SMALL PRISON OR DUNGEON IN FORT WILLIAM WHERE TROOPS OF SIRAJ UD-DAULAH, THE NAWAB OF BENGAL, HELD BRITISH PRISONERS OF WAR FOR ONE FATAL NIGHT ON 20 JUNE 1756. . JOHN ZEPHANIAH HOLWELL, ONE OF THE BRITISH PRISONERS AND AN EMPLOYEE OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY, SAID THAT, AFTER THE FALL OF FORT WILLIAM, THE SURVIVING BRITISH SOLDIERS, ANGLO-INDIAN SOLDIERS, AND INDIAN CIVILIANS WERE IMPRISONED OVERNIGHT IN CONDITIONS SO CRAMPED THAT MANY PEOPLE DIED FROM SUFFOCATION AND HEAT EXHAUSTION, AND THAT 43 OF 64 PRISONERS OF WAR IMPRISONED THERE DIED


  5. . CLIVE DECIDED THAT THE BEST WAY TO SECURE THE COMPANY'S INTERESTS IN BENGAL WAS TO REPLACE SIRAJ WITH A NEW AND MORE PLIANT NAWAB. HE FOUND A CANDIDATE IN A DISCONTENTED ELDERLY GENERAL NAMED MIR JAFAR. AFTER COMPLICATED CONSPIRATORIAL DISCUSSIONS AND THE PROMISE OF ENORMOUS BRIBES TO ALL CONCERNED, A SECRET AGREEMENT WAS SMUGGLED INTO THE WOMEN'S QUARTERS OF MIR JAFAR'S HOUSE, WHICH WAS BEING WATCHED BY SIRAJ'S SPIES, AND MIR JAFAR SIGNED IT.


  6. SIRAJ SUSPECTED THERE WAS A CONSPIRACY AGAINST HIM, DESPITE CLIVE'S EARNEST PROTESTATIONS TO THE CONTRARY, AND MOVED SOUTH TO PLASSEY. ON 13 JUNE, CLIVE MOVED NORTH WITH SOME 2,000 INDIAN SEPOYS AND 600 BRITISH INFANTRY OF THE THIRTY-NINTH OF FOOT PLUS CLOSE TO 200 ARTILLERYMEN WITH TEN FIELD PIECES AND TWO SMALL HOWITZERS. AMBIGUOUS MESSAGES WERE COMING IN FROM MIR JAFAR AND CLIVE WAS MOVING INTO A DANGEROUS SITUATION AGAINST HEAVY ODDS. HE SEEMS TO HAVE HAD A CRISIS OF CONFIDENCE AND SUMMONED HIS OFFICERS TO A COUNCIL OF WAR ON 21 JUNE


  7. CLIVE'S ARMY WAS DRAWN UP IN THREE DIVISIONS, AS WAS THE NAWAB'S ARMY OF PERHAPS 40,000 MEN WITH ITS WAR-ELEPHANTS AND MORE THAN 50 CANNON. ONE DIVISION WAS COMMANDED BY MIR JAFAR. AFTER AN OPENING CANNONADE, A CRASH OF THUNDER AT NOON HERALDED A TORRENTIAL DOWNPOUR OF RAIN THAT LASTED HALF AN HOUR. THE BRITISH ARTILLERYMEN QUICKLY COVERED THEIR CANNON AND AMMUNITION WITH TARPAULINS, BUT THE ENEMY FAILED TO DO THE SAME AND THEIR ARTILLERY WAS PUT OUT OF ACTION, SO THAT WHEN THE NAWAB'S ARMY MOVED FORWARD, ASSUMING THAT CLIVE'S CANNON WERE ALSO OUT OF ACTION, IT WAS MET WITH A WITHERING STORM OF FIRE


  8. ACCORDING TO CLIVE, HE LOST 18 MEN, WHILE HE ESTIMATED THE NAWAB'S DEAD AS AROUND 500. SIRAJ-AD-DAULA WAS KILLED BY HIS OWN PEOPLE AND MIR JAFAR REPLACED HIM. CLIVE, WHO WAS NOW EFFECTIVELY MASTER OF BENGAL, SKILFULLY BOLSTERED MIR JAFAR'S APPARENT AUTHORITY WHILE KEEPING HIM ON LEADING STRINGS. THE SKIRMISH AT PLASSEY WAS CRITICAL TO THE EAST INDIA COMPANY'S TRIUMPH OVER ITS FRENCH RIVALS AND, IN THE LONGER TERM, TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BRITISH RULE IN INDIA


  9. QUESTION ! WHEN WAS THE BATTLE OF PLASSEY? A) 3 MARCH 1754 B) 23 JUNE 1757 C) 1ST JANUARY 1761 D) 14 JUNE 1764


  10. 2.WHO BETRAYED SIRAJ-UD-DAULAH AT PLASSEY? A) MIR JAFAR B) MIR SADAK C) BANIA BAPU D) CHANDRAKANT MORE