THE BASICS OF DRAMA AND THEATRE
Hello! I am Shrutika Methi- Student of English Literature. History Geek and Polity Enthusiast. Love to read and write and sketch
WHAT IS DRAMA ?
A SHORT HISTORY OF ENGLISH DRAMA. In England drama originated from the religious performances of the Middle Ages. Priests played the roles of characters and Plays were usually performed inside the church. The dialogue was in Latin. In due course, Latin was replaced by English and Performance began to be carried on outside the church. Gradually drama became popular.
A SHORT HISTORY OF ENGLISH DRAMA.
THE ORIGIN OF DRAMA o Drama is a literary composition meant to be staged. The term 'drama is derived from the Greek word 'dran' which means to act' Aristotle's "Poetics" deals with dramatics. According to Aristotle, the aim of drama is to instruct and delight the spectators. He says that drama is an imitation of human action Drama originated in ancient Greece. During the festivals of Dionysus (the god of nature, fertility and wine), there was much ritualized dancing and singing. Two types of plays originated from such celebrations. They are tragedy which represented the serious side and comedy which represented the lighter side of human life.
The plays produced by Trade Guilds on religious themes became popular as Mystery Plays and Miracle plays. Mysteries have themes from the Bible and the Miracles dealt with the lives of saints. Morality plays were plays in which the characters represented abstract qualities. Interludes were the kind of play within the play i.e. a comic script in common topic introduced in the midst of a serious play. were the kind of pay within
Nicholas Udall's 'Ralph Roister Doister' (1550) was the earliest English comedy The works of Roman philosopher, Seneca were an important model for English tragedies in the 16th century. The first English tragedy was 'Gorbaduc "or Ferrex and Porex(1561) written by Thomas Sackville and Thomas Norton. Thomas Kyd wrote his famous melodrama "Spanish Tragedy' .It is a revenge tragedy. John Webster's 'The Duchess of Malfi' bears the influence of Seneca
Christopher Marlow's plays, Tamburlaine 'Doctor Faustus' 'the Jew of Malta' and 'Edward II' depicts the Renaissance spirit. The Senecan influence can be traced even irn Shakespeare's King Richard III, Hamlet and Macbeth Thomas Kyd and Christopher Marlow were popularly known as 'the university wits'. They prepared the ground for Shakespeare. Ben Jonson was a famous writer of comedies during the Elizabethan age.
Ben Jonson was a famous writer of comedies during the Elizabethan age Jonson's comedies are popularly known as comedy of humours'. They represented the eccentricities of characters. "Volpone" is a fine example.
They were modeled on the realistic comedies of Ben Jonson They were known as comedy of manners. They portrayed the manners of the elites. The Victorian age saw the rise of problem plays. They dealt with contemporary social problems. The works of Henrik Ibsen and Emile Fran ois Zola belong to this category. Their works were realistic and naturalistic in spirit.
The absurd play seeks to explore the spiritual loneliness, complete isolation and anxiety of the down and outs of society. Thus English drama continues to change, flourish and grow.
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