BASIC TERMINOLOGY ASHISH THAKUR
COUNTRIES IN WORLD There are 195 countries in the world today. This total comprises 193 countries that are memberstates of the United Nations and 2 countries that are non-memberobserverstates: the Holy See and the State of Palestine. There are 196 countries in the world today, Taiwan is not considered an official country by many, which would bring the count down to 195 countries. Although Taiwan operates as an independent country, many countries (including the U.S.) do not officially recognize it as one
CONTINENTS Europe North America Asia Africa South America Australia Antarctica continents
Island It is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.
Peninsula A body of land surrounded by water on three sides is called a peninsula. The word comes from the Latin paene insula, meaning "almost an island".
Strait It is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. It most commonlyrefers to a channel of water that lies between two land masses STRAIT
Isthmus It is narrow strip of land connecting two large land areas otherwise separated by the sea. Isthmus Land Land Water
Gulf It is a portion of the ocean that penetrates land. Gulfs vary greatly in size, shape, and depth. They are generally larger and more deeply indented than bays
Cape It is a high point of land that extends into a river, lake, or ocean Some capes, such as the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa.
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