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Advent of the Portuguese in India
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This lessons discusses the rise and fall of the Portuguese influence in India.

Nandini Maharaj is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Nandini Maharaj
MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University, BA (Hons.) History from LSR, reader, dancer, love to teach, AIR 42 in 2018 UPSC

U
Unacademy user
Sk
thanks sir aap ka sahyog utttan
please increase the volume of microphone 😊
how the western cost of India got the name Malabar ?
Awesome course but very difficult to listen even after using ear phones
  1. ADVENT OF THE PORTUGESE THE FIRST EUROPEANS IN INDIA BY NANDINI MAHARAJ


  2. ABOUT ME BA (Hons.) in History from Lady Shri Ram MA in Applied Human Rights from Sheffield Hallam University Love to teach, read and dance


  3. 15TH CENTURY EUROPE H Expansion of the Ottoman empire into western Asia and Arab/Muslim domination of the Mediterranean cut off land routes for Western Europeans to trade with Asia W1 . Zeal to find sea routes - boosted with renaissance and advances in ship-building Prince Henry of Portugal especially obsessed with finding a sea route to India . Improvement in economy - demand for luxury goods


  4. orwa Sweden Russia n Empire Denmar reat Britairn Dut Commonwealth of Poland oly Roman Empire Bohem 18TH CENTURY EUROPE Austria France Hungary Savoy Veri esmia Tuscany States Spain MallanMSardina Ottoman Empire Algeria Moricco Malta


  5. 15TH CENTURY EUROPE 1497 Under Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Spain and Portugal divided the world between them West of Atlantic to Spain and East to Portugal " - 1497 Portuguese headed to India 1498 Vasco da Gama at Calicut (Kohzikode, Kerala) *


  6. European settlements in India (1498 1739) (1537) Hughli -(1658) (1675 Serampore 1675) Surat (16 2) Daman (t558) Bassein [ Bombay (1533) Calcutta (1690) (1535) Diu m] (1533) Bay of Bengal (1638) (1682) Arabian Sea 4 f Yanam (1725) g (1616) Madras' | Pulicat (1600) -(1639) (1501) ES as (1670) LEGENDS y (1674) t (1 725) M (1498) Ca tut, European settlement (with date of establishment/ take-over) Portuguese settlements arikal (1739) Tranrebar. (1620) (1507) (1658) 1639) (1674) -(1669 +English settlements Trincomale (1522) French settlements Dutch settlements Danish settlements 673 km (1656 SRI LANKA 0 200 400 Galle (1507) (1656 (1656) 65 75


  7. PORTUGUESE IN INDIA Wanted to monopolize the trade - exclude other foreign traders from the Malabar coast (Vasco da Gama made massive profits) Factories at Calicut, Cannanore and Cochin 1505 Franciso de Almeida appointed as governor of India (by King of Portugal) to expel Muslim trade and fortify settlements Ambition to control, to monopolize


  8. ALFONSO DE ALBUQUERQUE Alfonso de Albuquerque was the next governor .Secured Portuguese control over Indian ocean Introduced a permit control for ships Acquired Goa from the Sultan of Bijapur Abolished sati Persecuted muslims .Encouraged Portuguese men settled in India to marry Indians, established them as village landlords etc Alfonso de Albuquerque was the next


  9. Sombay Bidar Go Bijapur Golk Vijayanagara madras Empire Calicut Cochn ranquebar Decan Sultanates 1490 1687 ad


  10. NINO DE CUNHA .Governor of "India" in 1529 Shifted Portuguese capital to Goa from Cochin Got Island of Bassein and Diu from Bahadur Shah of Gujarat Created a Portuguese base in Bengal


  11. THE ENGLISH ARRIVE 1608 Captain William Hawkins of England reaches Surat Favorable reception by Jahangir, trading facilities Portuguese offended, blocked English ships at Surat 1612 English fleet defeated the Portuguese fleet - impressed Jahangir Portuguese enraged Jahangir by their acts of piracy, capture of Mughal ships and imprisonment of Muslims Lose favour under Shah Jahan -1608-Captain WilliaHwkns of England reaches Surat Portuguese enraged Jhaibythei cts of piracy,capture of


  12. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PORTUGUESE Initiated the European era Assertive in obtaining trade monopoly -their ships carried cannons suggesting threat/use of force Military contributions Technological contributions, especially at sea Patrons of arts First to come, last to leave 1961 - Gol occupied Goa, Daman and Dui from the Portuguese