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MCQs - 9th March 2019
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Q1. Which of the following national Parks and/or wildlife sanctuaries are without operational Eco-Sensitive Zones (ESZs)? 1. Pobitora Sanctuary of Assam 2. Hemis High Altitude National Park of Jammu and Kashmir 3. Jogimatti Sanctuary of Karnataka 4. Deolgaon Rehekuri Sanctuary of Maharashtra Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1, 2 and 3 only B) 2, 3 and 4 only C) 1, 2 and 4 only D) All of the above
D) All of the above Some prominent national Parks and wildlife sanctuaries without operational ESZs include: OPobitora Sanctuary of Assam Hemis High Altitude National Park and Kishtewar National Park of Jammu and Kashmir Jogimatti Sanctuary of Karnataka Deolgaon Rehekuri Sanctuary of Maharashtra Siroi National Park of Manipur Baghmara Pitcher Plant Sanctuary of Meghalaya OFakim Sanctuary of Nagaland and OPilibhit Sanctuary of Uttar Pradesh
Q2. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the 'Silent Valley National Park'? 1. It is situated in the core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. 2. The name of the region was attributed considering the relative absence of any human habitation in its core area. 3. It is home to the largest population of Lion tailed macaques. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
C) 1 and 3 only Silent Valley National Park is situated in the core of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Silent Valley is one of India's few rainforests. It would be more correct to call it a shola forest, a type of vegetation found only at the base of valleys in the western hills of south India. The name of the region was attributed considering the relative absence of the Cicada insects which normally produce a distinctive sound in a tropical forest environment. Silent Valley National Park is located in the Palakkad district of the state of Kerala. Silent Valley is home to the largest population of Lion tailed macaques, an endangered species.
Q3. The authorities of which of the following protected areas have joined hands with Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) to provide security to its forests and rich wildlife? A) Kaziranga National Park B) Dudhwa Tiger Reserve C) Silent Valley National Park D) Simlipal National Park
B) Dudhwa Tiger Reserve Dudhwa Tiger Reserve: It is protected area in Uttar Pradesh It shares north-eastern boundary with Nepal, which is defined to large extent by Mohana River. Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB): It is Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) entrusted with guarding country's border with Nepal and Bhutan. It was established in 1963 and functions under administrative control of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). Its headquarters are in New Delhi. It has specialist jurisdictions for national border patrol, security, and integrity
Q5. Consider the following statements about 'keystone species: 1. Keystone species have low functional redundancy. 2. They are always the largest or the most abundant species in an ecosystem 3. Any organism, from plants to fungi, may be a keystone species. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
A) 1 and 2 only Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs) will act as a link between police and community and help women in distress. Haryana was the first state to start the Mahila Police Volunteer scheme.
Q8. Which of the following results in the addition of CO2 into the atmosphere? 1. Plant Respiration 2. Litter Fal 3. Soil Respiration 4. Photosynthesis Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1, 2 and 3 only B) 2, 3 and 4 only C) 1, 3 and 4 only D) All of the above
A) 1, 2 and 3 only Plant Respiration: Plants release CO2 back to the atmosphere through the process of respiration (the plant equivalent of exhaling). Respiration occurs as plant cells use carbohydrates, made during photosynthesis, for energy Litterfall: Because all parts of the plant are made up of carbon, the loss of these parts to the ground is a transfer of carbon (a flux) from the plant to the soil. Dead plant material is often referred to as litter (leaf litter, branch litter, etc.) and once on the ground, all forms of litter will begin the process of decomposition Soil Respiration: The release of CO2 through respiration is not unique to plants, but is something all organisms do. When dead organic matter is broken down or decomposed (consumed by bacteria and fungi), CO2 is released into the atmosphere
A) 1 and 2 only The person must not be a member of an association declared unlawful is under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.