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MCQs - 10th March 2019
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Q1. Consider the following statements about the 'Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve': 1. It was the first Biosphere Reserve from India that was included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). 2. It is one of the highest ecosystems in the world reaching elevations of up to 8,586 m above sea level. 3. It includes a range of ecolines varying from sub-tropic to Arctic. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
B) 2 and 3 only The Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve has become the 11th Biosphere Reserve from India that has been included in the UNESCO designated World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR) Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve in Sikkim is one of the highest ecosystems in the world, reaching elevations of 1,220 m to 8,586 m above sea level It includes a range of ecolines, varying from sub-tropic to Arctic, as well as natural forests in different biomes. The core area of the Biosphere Reserve is a major transboundary Wildlife Protected Area. The southern and central landscape is situated in the Greater Himalayas whereas the northern part is characterized by trans-Himalayan features. The core zone Khangchendzonga National Park was designated a World Heritage Site in 2016 under the 'mixed' category.
Q2. Which of the following have been correctly matched Protected Area: River 1. Dudhwa Tiger Reserve: Mohana River 2. Silent Valley National Park: Kunthipuzha River 3. Bhitarkanika National Park: Mahanadi Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
A) 1 and 2 only The Bhitarkanika National Park is a place where the rivers Brahmani, Baitarni, Dhamra and Pathsala meet the Bay of Bengal.
Q3. Match the following: Species: Indicators Of 1. Crayfish: a) Freshwater Quality 2. Corals: b) Siltation 3. Peregrine falcons: c) Pesticide Loads 4. Native Plants: d) Alien Species Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d B) 1-b, 2-c, 3-d, 4-a C) 1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c D) 142-c, 3-a, 4-b
A) 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-d An indicator species describes an organism that is very sensitive to environmental changes in its ecosystem. Indicator species are almost immediately affected by changes to the ecosysterm and can give early warning that a habitat is suffering. Changes associated with external influences such as water pollution, air pollution, or climate change first appear in indicator species. For this reason, indicator species are sometimes known as "sentinel species." Examples include crayfish as indicators of freshwater quality; corals as indicators of marine processes such as siltation, seawater rise and sea temperature fluctuation; peregrine falcons as an indicator of pesticide loads; or native plants as indicators for the presence and impact of alien species.
Q5. Consider the following statements about the Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA): 1. It is the oldest preferential regional trade agreement among developing countries in Asia-Pacific. 2. It is an initiative under the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UN ESCAP) 3. India was a founding member of this agreement. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
C) Both 1 and 2 Names of the judges for appointment as Supreme Court judges is recommended by a collegium consisting of the Chief Justice of India and four seniormost judges of the Supreme Court. The government may send such names back to the collegium for reconsideration but if the collegium sends the names back again, the government will have to accept the recommendation.
Q8. The 'National Policy on Biofuels' promotes Advanced Biofuels by: 1. Viability gap funding. 2. Higher purchase price as compared to first generation biofuels. 3. Additional tax incentives. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 and 3 only C) 1 and 3 only D) All of the above
D) All of the above The National Policy on Biofuels categorises biofuels as "Basic Biofuels" and "Advanced Biofuels." Basic Biofuels First Generation bioethanol & biodiesel Advanced Biofuels Second Generation ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste to drop-in fuels, Third Generation biofuels, bio-CNG eto
D) Meghalaya Meghalaya was the first Sate in India to pass the social audit legislation.