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Press Information Bureau Ashish Malik'sTHE HINDU Daily Current Affairs (With MCQs)- 09/02/19 unacademy - AshishMalik-8996
Exercise Cutlass Express What is it? It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in East Africa as well as information sharing, planning and operating. Sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa. The aim of the exercise: To improve law enforcement capacity, promote regional security and progress inter-operability between the armed forces of the participating nations.
GeM and CCI Sian MoU Context: Government e Marketplace (GeM) and Competition Commission of India (CCI) entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to enable a fair and competitive environment in the e-Marketplace About GeM: What is it? GeM is a state-of-the-art national public procurement platform of Ministry of Commerce and Industries, that has used technology to remove entry barriers for bonafide sellers and has created a vibrant e-marketplace with a wide range of goods and services GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement. Features: It facilitates online procurement of common use Goods & Services required by various Government Departments Organisations PSUs. It provides the tools of e-bidding, reverse e-auction and demand aggregation to facilitate the government users, achieve the best value for their money Competition Commission of India It is a statutory body of the Government of India, responsible for enforcing the Competition Act, 2002 throughout India and to prevent activities that have an adverse effect on competition.
Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) Context: Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight tested the second indigenously developed Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR)' propulsion based missile system. Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR): It is a missile propulsion technology jointly developed by India and Russia Significance .It will help both India's surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles to perform better and enhance their strike range, making them more lethal With it, India can have fastest long-range missiles in two categories, providing full-fledged and multi-layered aerial protection from hostile attacks Its successful use in missiles will mark India's entry into select club of nations that use next-generation missile technology against manoeuvring targets, compromising effectiveness of conventional missiles
What is ramjet? Ramjet is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle's forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor. Fuel is injected in the combustion chamber where it mixes with the hot compressed air and ignites. A ramjet-powered vehicle requires an assisted take-off like a rocket assist to accelerate it to a speed where it begins to produce thrust
Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals(CMS) The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals (CMS) is going to be hosted by India during 15th to 22nd February, 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat. India has been a Party to the CMS since 1983. The Conference of Parties (COP) is the decision-making organ of this convention. What are migratory species? Why protect them? Migratory species are those animals that move from one habitat to another during different times of the year, due to various factors such as food, sunlight, temperature, climate, etc. 1. 2. The movement between habitats, can sometimes exceed thousands of miles/kilometres for some migratory birds and mammals. A migratory route can involve nesting and also requires the availability of habitats before and after each migration.
About CMS: In order to protect the migratory species throughout their range countries, a Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), has been in force, under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme Also referred to as the Bonn Convention, it provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats and brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range. Classification of species: Under this convention, migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I and Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix Il of the Convention CMS is only global and UN-based intergovernmental organization established exclusively for conservation and management of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range.
The Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill The government has introduced Constitution (125th Amendment) Bill in Rajya Sabha to increase the financial and executive powers of the 10 Autonomous Councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of the northeastern region. The amendment will impact one crore tribal people in Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram. Key facts: 1. The proposed amendments provide for elected village municipal councils, ensuring democracy at the grassroot level. 2. The village councils will be empowered to prepare plans for economic development and social justice including those related to agriculture, land improvement, implementation of land reforms, minor irrigation, water management, animal husbandry, rural electrification, small scale industries and social forestry. 3. The Finance Commission will be mandated to recommend devolution of financial resources to them. The Autonomous Councils now depend on grants from Central ministries and the State government for specific projects. At least one-third of the seats will be reserved for women in the village and municipal councils in the Sixth Schedule areas of Assam, Mizoram and Tripura after the amendment is approved. 4.
6th schedule: The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration of the tribal areas in the four northeastern states of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram
Arundhati scheme The government of Assam has announced a new scheme called Arundhati to provide gold at free of cost to the brides The benefit under Arundhati scheme can be availed upon formal registration of marriages under Special Marriage (Assam) Rules, 1954. The scheme is limited for economically weaker sections, whose annual income is below Rs 5 lakh.
MCQs- 09/02/2019 Q.1 Which of the following statement(s) is/are true for Exercise Cutlass Express? 1. It is an exercise designed to assess and improve combined maritime law enforcement capacity, promote national and regional security in West Africa 2. It is sponsored by U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and is conducted by U.S. Naval Forces Africa. Code: A. 1only B. 2only C. Both D. None
Q.2 Choose the incorrect statement(s) 1. Government e Marketplace (GeM) is a state-of-the-art national public procurement platform of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. 2. GeM aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement Code: A. 1only B. 2only C. Both D. None
. Q.4 Solid Fuel Ducted Ramjet (SFDR) is a missile propulsion technology jointly developed by India and A. Israel B. USA C. France D. Russia
.Q. 5 Choose the correct statement(s) 1. Ramjet is a form of air-breathing jet engine that uses the vehicle's forward motion to compress incoming air for combustion without a rotating compressor. 2. Fuel is injected in the combustion chamber where it mixes with the hot compressed air and ignites 3. A ramjet-powered vehicle requires an assisted take-off like a rocket assist to accelerate it to a speed where it begins to produce thrust Code: A. 1 and 3 B. 1 and 2 C. 2 and 3 D. 1, 2 and 3
. Q.6 Select the correct statement(s) about Bonn Convention 1. It has been in force, under the aegis of United Nations Development Programme. 2. It provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats 3. India has recently joined it stating its objectives and vision on Conservation efforts Code: A. 2only B. 2 and 3only C. 1 and 2 only D. 1only
Q. 8 The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution deals with the administration of the tribal areas in which of the following northeastern states A. Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram B. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura and Nagaland C. Assam, Manipur, Nagaland and Mizoram D. Assam, Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya