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want fo be start but th Important News Articles Taking Delhi/Noida edition as the base 1. Page 1: U.S., India may not sign security pact at 2+2 meet 2. Page 1: Conditions in Rohingya camps are disastrous, says UN official ph reve 3. Page 11: 'There is no evidence of radicalisation in Rohingya camps' 4. Page 5: Green Tribunal steps in to conserve Ghats 5. Page 10: Venkaiah seeks code for politicians 6. Page 11: Ready to decide on quota for Marathas, Dhangars: Fadnavis ink h cause ferent 7. Page 11: Audits to track construction workers' benefits 8. Page 13: Investor plaints to SEBI at six-year high 9. Page 13: 'Mauritius tops India's FDI charts again' 10. Page 13: 'Price control, regulatory changes may hit pharma' pu kand stay 11. Page 14: Why is a Public Credit Registry important? 12. Page 18: UN begins talks on treaty to protect imperilled high seas
want fo be start but th Page 1: U.S., India may not sign security pact at 2+2 meet (GSM 2- Bilateral Relations At the 2+2 dialogue between India and the U.S., an announcement could be made about an in-principle agreement between the two sides on the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), but its signing is doubtful. We the contours of the agreement have been agreed upon, last-minute deliberations are rev under way to address specific concerns in the language. Diplomatic sources, too, while expressing the hope that the agreement would be signed, said realistically it was not clear yet. This is a similar trajectory followed when India signed the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding. The two sides announced an "in-principle" decision to conclude it during the then U.S Secretary of Defence Ash Carter's visit to Delhi in April 2016. However, it was concluded only when the then Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar visited cause ferent PLI kand stay the U.S. in August that year.
want fo be start but th The U.S. which has designated India a Major Defence Partner (MDP) has repeatedly stated that the foundational agreements were critical for India to gain access to cutting edge technolog;y The COMCASA wl facilitate exchange of secure communications between the two militaries and allow the sale of encrypted communication systems to India. For a long time there have been concerns that this would allow the U.S. to listen into Indian p reve secure communication channels. But these have been gradually overcome and India agreed to move forward with the agreement. However, signing the security pact "will override objections by the Indian military which- ink h ferent fears that it will enable seamless penetration horizontally and vertically of the official Indian communications grid, including the most sensitive strategic communications network" writes strategic analyst Bharat Karnad in his latest book Staggering Forward Another maior announcement likely to be made is for cross- posting of officials at the U.S. aad Defence Innovation Unit Experimental (DIUx) and India's recently created Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) to work on joint development projects. PLI stay
want fo be start but th What's in store age Credit: The Hindu An in-principle agreement is likely between the two sides on the Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA) The United States has said that the 2+2 dialogue is an important opportunity to enhance engagement with India U.S. Secretary of State Michael Pompeo andSecretary of Defence James Mattis will travel to New Delhi on September 6 for the inaugural dialogue At the 2+2 ministerial, the U.S. said it is looking to discuss "how to operationalise India's status as a major defence partner'" reve he g ink h cause ferent kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 1: Conditions in Rohingva camps are disastrous, savs UN official A year since nearly a million Rohingya refugees poured into Bangladesh, the situation is yet to stabilize, and the impending cyclone season could spell disaster for the humanitarian effort,. This year's UN joint response plan (JRP) has received only 34% of the funds needed, in contrast to about 85% last year. Amidst signs of the flagging global response to the crisis, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres addressed the Security Council on the situation on the ground this week, while a Human Rights Council report said the Myanmar military leadership should be investigated for "genocide" in the violence in August 2017. het ink h cause ferent PLI Facts kand stay 5,00,000 people came in to Bangladesh within four weeks last August-September. By global standards, the last such massive influx was in Rwanda in the early 1990s Now there are about 9,00,000, and people are still coming.
want fo be start but th An MoU was signed by the Myanmar government and the Bangladesh government as well as by the UN High Commission of Refugees and the UN Development INDIA BANGLADESH 2 3 pProgramme to facilitate the creation of an ne g environment for potential return Cox's Bazar (MYANMAR) Challenges Naf river The area is a disaster-prone zone and a cyclone-prone area Even the regular monsoon this vear impacted at least 50,000 refugees directly with landslides and shelter collapses. Funding cause ferent TeknafMaungdaw pu kand stay 1 2 3 Arakan (Rakhine) State Chin State Chittagong Hill Tracts Sittwe
want fo be start but th Page 5: Green Tribunal steps in to conserve Ghats (GSM 3- Environment The six Western Ghats States, including Kerala, have been restrained by the National Green Tribunal (NGT) from giving environmental clearance to activities that may adversely impact the eco-sensitive areas of the mountain ranges. The panel directed that the extent of Eco-Sensitive Zones of Western Ghats, which was ee otified by the Central government earlier, should not be reduced in view of the recent floods in Kerala. The Madhav Gadgil-led Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) report had created a political furore in the State with most of the political parties and a section of the church opposing t. ink h cause t ferent The Tribunal Bench, in its order, noted that any alteration in the draft notification of zones may seriously affect the environment, especially in view of recent incidents in Kerala It was on a petition filed by the Goa Foundation that the Bench issued the order. The Principal Bench of the panel, which permitted the Ministry of Environment Forest and Climate Change (MoEF and CC) to re-publish the draft notification on Eco-Sensitive Zones, which expired on August 26, ordered that the matter may be finalised within six months. It also ordered that the draft of the republished notification be placed on the record of the tribunal PLI kand stay
want fo be start but th The WGEEP had earlier proposed "much larger areas for being included in the eco- sensitive zone" though the Kasturirangan-led High Level Working Group, also appointed by the MoEF and CC to look into the WGEEP report, had reduced it. The Ministry had accepted the Kasthurirangan report and issued the draft notifications on ecologically sensitive zones. The Principal Bench of the tribunal, which noted that the ecology of the Western Ghats region was under serious stress, also highlighted the fact that Western Ghats region was one of the richest biodiversity areas which needed to be conserved Draft notification ink h cause ferent A draft notification regarding ecologically sensitive areas, was issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF) to six states, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa and Gujarat. PLI .The notice earmarked 60,000 square kilometres, or 37 per cent of the Ghats, as ecologically kand stay sensitive. However, it was protested by the states, especially Kerala, as ESAs restrict developmental activity. The Centre has since decided to accept recommendations from each state government.
want fo be start but th Image-2: Livemint Image-1: The Hindu Chart4 Some of the worst flood damageis concentrated in the Deaths and nqjuies by disrict Wayanad ph rev Wayanad he Eco-sensitive Zone area erologiallysensitive WHAT IS ESZ AREA Zones Creates a buffer rone around protected Places extraction of of surface 100m Trissu n be up to 10 km Ecologically sensitive zones according to the Gadgil rport ris Regions of highest sensibvity ESZ) Nodicatons In ink h cause ESZ area currently notified Bandipur National Park 479.18 4 km notified in 2013 10 1-20 2-30 31-40 41-50 MoEF: 4 put Reions of moderate sersitvity ESZ) fom Report of the Westem Ghas Eology Expert Pan AAnshi Dande National Perk and ahimgad, amcn Bannerghatta National Park, spread across 260 sq. km, ollam EsZ aress thst hive received MoEF approval for final harbours a high population of wild elephants. SUDAKRAJIN Total area Nearty 4,455 sq. m kand stay a of Includes Banner hatta National Park, Gudekote Soth Bear Sanctury, Ramadevarabetta Vulture Sanctuary, Cauvery Wildufe Sanctuary Nugu Wildlife Sanctuary, Kudremuich National Park, among athers 25 national parks and ESZ notfication Source: Minsy of Evironmentand Forests es that IP
want fo be start but th Environment- Check What are ESAs? An ecologically sensitive area is one that is protected by the government given the sheer number of species, plants and animals endemic to the region. According to the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, the government can prohibit y ha heindustrial operations such as mining, sand quarrying and building thermal power plants in sensitive areaS The definition offered by the MoEF: "An ecological sensitive area is a bio-climatic unit (as demarcated by entire landscapes) in the Western Ghats wherein human impacts have locally ferent caused irreversible changes in the structure of biological communities (as evident in number/ composition of species and their relative abundances) and their natural habitats.'" The Western Ghats were declared an ecological hotspot in 1988. PLI To categorise an area as ecologically sensitive, the government looks at topography, climate kand stay and rainfall, land use and land cover, roads and settlements, human population, biodiversity corridors and data of plants and animal species.
want fo be start but th Madhav Gadgil led WGEEP report The report was submitted in 2011 The WGEEP had recommended that the entire Western Ghats should be declared as an ecologically sensitive area pIt had suggested three levels of categorization where regulatory measures for protection he g would be imposed rev These are termed as Ecologically Sensitive Zone 1 (ESZ1), Ecologically Sensitive Zone 2 (ESZ2) and Ecologically Sensitive Zone 3 (ESZ3) ink h cause ferent The Panel recommended an indefinite moratorium on new environmental clearances for mining in Ecologically Sensitive Zones 1 and 2, a phasing out of mining in Ecologically Sensitive Zone 1 by 2016 and continuation of existing mining in Ecologically Sensitive Zone 2 under strict regulation with an effective system of social audit. pur kand stay
want fo be start but th Page 10: Venkaiah seeks code for politicians (GSM 2- Polity and governance) Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu called for evolving a consensus on the need for an Upper House in State legislatures, a code of conduct for politicians both inside and outside Parliament and legislatures, and keeping to inclusiveness and ending discrimination as a "nationalist" agenda He as speaking at the release of his book Moving On, Moving Forward: A year in Office he#on his tenure as Vice-President and Chairman of the Rajya Sabha His views on Nationalism "Nationalism- Bharat Mata ki Jai...it means Jai Ho to all the 130 crore people irrespective of their caste, creed, sex or religion. Any discrimination on the basis of religion, any discrimination on the basis of caste, any discrimination on the basis of gender, is not acceptable to any nationalist. That sort of approach should be there among everyone of us. I hope we all move in that direction" His call for a code of conduct was echoed by Prime Minister, who spoke at the event along with former Prime Ministers H.D. Deve Gowda and Manmohan Singh. Mr. Modi said that enforcing discipline was now being mistaken for being autocratic While saying he was disappointed over the frequent disruptions in the functioning of the Rajya Sabha, Mr. Naidu said the recently concluded Monsoon Session with intensive legislative work had provided a ray of hope. cause t ferent PLI kand stay
want fo be start but th Problems to be identified v how many of them are registered with the welfare boards Do the children of the workers all have the scholarships they are entitled to? Those who have applied for various benefits-pension, maternity have to wait? _how long do they y has If you only get the maternity benefit when your child is two or three years old, what is the phe reve use? eIdentify workers who have not registered and the reasons that prevented them from doing so Identify problems in some districts where a large number of non-construction workers have been illegally registered SC direction In its March 19 judgement on a petition by the NCC-CL, the Supreme Court noted that the ink h cause t ferent Centre and States had "flouted with impunity" previous directions to implement the BOCW and directed that social audits be conducted to hold the government accountable The apex court noted that the BOCW would be useless without accountability in registration pu efforts. ."All that we have been told is that there are more than 4.5 crore building and construction kand stay workers in the country and earlier about 2.15 crore had been registered and as of now about 2.8 crore have been registered. How these figures have been arrived at is anybody's guess. In any event, the registration of building and construction workers is well below the required number and is also a guesstimate," the judgment noted. e
want fo be start it th Page 13: Investor complaints to SEBI at six-year high (GSM 3- Indian Economy) Investor complaints against listed firms and market intermediaries have touched a six-year high even as the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has raised its pace of disposing such complaints to bring down the overall pendency. According to SEBI's latest annual report, it received 43,131 investor complaints against market intermediaries in 2017-18. This was the highest since 2011-12, when more than 46,500 complaints were received e. The number of investor complaints has been steadily rising over the years with the last dip registered in 2013-14 when 33,550 complaints were received as against 42,411 in the previous fiscal. Investors can use SEBI's online Scores platform to register complaints against intermediaries such as stock brokers, listed firms, mutual funds, depositories, registrars, credit rating agencies, and stock exchanges pe a While over 30 lakh complaints have been cumulatively registered with SEBI so far, it has managed to consistently reduce pendency with only 3,771 complaints pending as on March 31 . Scores allows investors to directly lodge a complaint online, but SEBI uploads physical iseS complaints as well into the system so that the overall status is reflected and includes all investor grievances. and In 2016-17, the system was tweaked to include a review module so that an investor can make a one-time request for review of his complaint that had been closed by SEBI An investor can lodge a complaint within three years from the date of the cause of the complaint es that
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but th Why PCR is necessary Credit information is now available across multiple systems in bits and pieces and not in one window. Data on borrowings from banks, non-banking financial companies, corporate bonds or debentures and external commercial borrowings, among others, are not available in one p data repository. PCR will help capture all relevant information about a borrower, across he# different borrowing products. reve It can flag early warnings on asset quality by tracking performance on other credits. PCR in other countries - PCR in other countries now include other transactional data such as payments to utilities like power and telecom for retail consumers and trade credit data for businesses * Regularity in making payments to utilities and trade creditors provides an indication of the pu credit quality of such customers kand stay
but th Fishing restrictions * Some whale-hunting nations, like Japan, Iceland and Norway, are expected to be more cautious than others because they fear overly strict fishing restrictions. The U.S. is also reticent because they are opposed to all regulation of marine genetic resources and they did not ratify the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. - Russia has also been dragging its feet for a long time. re ink h cause ferent pu kand stay
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.