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1st World war part-1 (in Hindi)
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Its discussion of 1st world war. What was it. When did it happen etc

Sunil Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Sunil Singh
History lecturer, Faced UPSC & State PSC interviews.

U
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YG
thank you so much sir this vedio is very important
Sunil Singh
2 months ago
Yogita, Keep on learning...
Sir history regular course app kha pdhate h
Sunil Singh
10 months ago
Sanjeev, i can't write the institute name here. You can watch all my history on this plateform and can wath some full course on unacademy plus
Sanjeev ojha
10 months ago
Thanks sir
M
Awesome course
Sunil Singh
a year ago
Malthi, keep learning....
  1. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  2. About Me . Name- Sunil Kumar Singh . JRF, Pursuing research in History . Faced UPSC interview in 2015, and 2016 . Taught history for 3 years at University level Follow me at: https://unacademy.com/user/kumarsunilvns99


  3. 1st World War .What . Rival groups . Where . Causes .Course of War . Impact


  4. 1st World War . World War I major conflict fought -1914 1918. . Fought b/w the Allied Powers and the Central Powers. 1) Allied Powers France, Russia, Great Britain. The United States also fought on the side of the Allies after 1917. Petrogrn Britain Mesonw Russia German Austria- Hungary Frast 2)_Central Powers -Germany, France italy Black Sea Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Spain Turkey The Ottorman Empire


  5. 1st World War . Took place in Europe along two fronts: The western front and the eastern front. . The western front -a long line of trenches that ran from the coast of Belgium to Switzerland The eastern front between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Bulgaria on one side and Russia and Romania on the other


  6. 1st World War: Causes of War Catalyst of War - assassination Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria by Serb Nationalist The system of alliance . Growth of nationalism laid to war . Imperialism & economic rivalries . The militarism & armament race . Absence of international institution . Issue of Alsace-Lorriane . International crisis -Moroccan crisis, Balkan war


  7. Starting of War . On June 28, 1914, a Serbian nationalist named Gavrilo Princip assassinated Franz Ferdinand, the Archduke of Austria Austria declared war on Serbia, prepared to defend its ally . Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. This caused France declare war on Germany to protect its ally Russia.


  8. Starting of War . Germany invaded Belgium to get to France which caused . This all happened in just a few days. . One side -Triple Alliance Germany, Austria-Hungary and Britain to declare war on Germany. Divided Europe into two armed camps- Italy, Their enemy was the Triple Entente- France, Russia and Great Britain. Triple Alliance known as the Central Powers Triple Entente became the Allied Forces.


  9. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Main Rival Group- LE SECOND de Pase . 1) Germany Vs France - Germany consideredEG France as her greatest enemy - French could not forget Alsace-Lorriane (Annexed in War of Sedan) . So attempted to isolate France - formed league of three Emperors in 1873 Germany, Russia, Austria Alsace and Lorraine formed the border between France and Prussia, adding to conflict


  10. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance . 2) Austria- Hungary Vs Serbia & Russia - Austrian interest in the Balkans 2 conflicted with Russian ambition - concluded secret treaty Germanypr Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Kingdom of Black S Bulgaria Marmar SSR Austria in 1879 called Dual alliance Albania Bismarck - secret treaty with Russia in 1887, maintained friendly relation with Britain Ottoman Turkey Naples Greece Sea Bulkan Region. 1970


  11. Causes of War: System of Rival alliance effen Plan Due to Austria Vs Russia, Germany adopted schlieffen plan Italy was alone- needed alliesNSTANG -joined the German camp - became Triple alliance (1882) GERMANY RUSSIA FRANCE AUSTRIA-HUNGARY Italy . Alliance is due to needing military support/strength Defensive agreement 12 Triple Alliance Germany Austria-Hungary Dual Alliance 1879


  12. Causes of War : System of Rival alliance Bismarck strategy did not work properly Great Britain Naval race b/w Germany Vs Britain .Russia discontent over Balkan . 1894 Russia- French Treaty . 1904 Britain-French Treaty . !907 Britain- Russia Treaty Entente Cordiale Anglo-Russian Entente 1907, NOT a military alliance 1904 Taney France Russia Dual Alliance 1892 Military Agreement


  13. Force of Nationalism . Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. . But strong nationalist moveents AUSTRIAN EMPIR and revolutions led to the unification of Italy & Germany PIEDMON STATES Adriatic THE TWO SI Marsala Major battles


  14. Imperialism & Economic Rivalries . Important source of international conflict was imperialism & economic rivalry among European nations Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. . These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa


  15. Imperialism & Economic Rivalrie RUSSIA Several crises foreshadowing the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa. In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-Hungary, the Balkans and Russia EGYPT FRE NCH WEST AFRICA STATE


  16. Courses of War: Bosnia crisis (1908) Russia backed up Serbia - protector of the Slavic people that Serbia sought to protect. Serbia and Russia back down because Germany backed up Austria-Hungary( Triple Alliance of 1882) . Neither France nor Britain support Russia in a possible conflict in the Balkans . At end Serbia not pleased, Russia saw western power suspiciously


  17. Courses of War : 2nd Morocco crisis- 1911 . In 1910 France made a huge loan to Morocco and took control of customs and taxes In March 1911 huge rebellion- France went to defend Agadir Crisis, 1911 In 1911 Kaiser Wiheim Il sends . Kaiser sent the Panther ship to Agadir German Nov 1911- Treaty of BERLIN, Germanoreo forced out of Agadir Germany= Humiliated to project German 2 . France took complete control of Morocco rench


  18. Balkan Crisis Soviet Union United Austrian States Romania Italy Black Sea Kingdom of Serbia Bulgaria Marrmara SSR Albania Ottoman Turkey Naples lonian Sea Greece Balkan Region.187Os


  19. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 . Bulgaria quarreled with other members of the League about the number of Bulgarians now living under Serbian or Greek control in Macedonia and Salonika dian Empire Romania Austre Bosna and Hercozoving Serbia nprian Enpe shoe 1878 Empire snoe 1830 ndependent since 1878 . The Bulgarians attacked their former Bulgaria allies. utonomous waw Enpie 1878 1308 od Independence 1908 Adhote Sea . Turley also joined in against Bulgaria, Treaty of Bucharest, 1913 hoping to regain some of her territory lost the previous year. acedonia Caded to Greece Ceded to Bulgani 1912 Intemational boundary 908-13 Aegan Ser


  20. Courses of War : 2nd Balkan war-1913 Bulgaria was quickly defeated, Serbia got Macedonia Its military had become large and experienced. power and its obvious nationalist ambitions. e Serbia had emerged more powerful state than previously . Austria-Hungary was alarmed at the increase in Serbian It looked for an opportunity to cut Serbia down to size.


  21. Courses of War: Assassination of A. Ferdinand . June 28, 1914 Archduke Ferdinand, assassinated in Sarajevo (Bosnia), Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist organization "Black Hand" . Triggered a fatal series of events that led to the war. Austria declared war on Serbia, Russia prepared to defend its ally Serbia. Germany declared war on Russia to protect Austria. This caused France to declare war on Germany


  22. Courses of War: Entry of USA . 1917 -Two great events came to turn the tide of the war The U.S. entry into the war in April - 1)German Atrocities in Belgium THE DAILY MISSOUR AN Economic Interests 3) Sinking of the Lusitania 4) Unrestricted Submarine Warfare 5) Zimmermann Telegram 3) Sinking of the lusitana OFFICIALLY AT WAR AT 1:13 0CLOCK TOOAY


  23. Courses of War: Exit of Russia . Russia out of the conflict in Dec.- Russian Revolution (Treaty of Brest-Litvosk with Germany march 1918) . The arrival of U.S. troops in Europe balanced the scales in favor of the Entente


  24. Courses of War . Bulgaria asked the armistice in September, Turkey in October and Austria-Hungary surrendered in early November to flee to Holland armistice on November 11, 1918. . In Germany, a revolution overthrew Wilhelm II, who had . The new democratic regime had to sign the German The war was over


  25. After war : Treaties . The Peace Treaties On January 18, 1919, representatives of the victorious countries met at the Conference of Paris Committee of Four: U.S. President Wilson, British PM Lloyd George, French PM Clemenceau, Italian Chief Executive Orlando TREATY SIGNED; WAR OVER WILSON LEAVES PARIS: SAILS SUNDAY GERMANS PLEDGED TO ACT IN GOOD FAITH FRENCHCROWDS CHEER PEACE


  26. Social impact .Freedom of women During the course of war, demand of labour increased in absence of male - filled up by women Women came out of their homes & began to work in factories Role of women changed, feeling of self confidence, self determination & courage grew


  27. Social impact . Women demanded equal status & rights with men Softening of racial feelings-people of almost all the races took part on a large scale, fight on common front & sharing common food & encountering common difficulties brought them nearer . Impetus to socialist ideas development of concept of socialism was gift of the war


  28. Political implications Foundation of League of Nation . Emergence of USA on world scene - before 1 world war, did not interfere in European affairs, played an important wining the war, active role in solving two difficult problems- economic depression & economic reconstruction Acceptance of principle of right of self determination . Spread of nationalism


  29. Economic Implications . Caused economic loss, wastages & vast destruction National debt of England, France, Germany etc increased, war expanses were more than the wealth of countries Invested all money in war - could not improve their industries, trade etc Price of all goods & commodities shot up due to decrease in production


  30. Economic Implications . People of Russia, Germany & Austria etc. began to feel scarcity of essential commodities Owing to heavy amount - issued new paper currency lead to inflation . In order to meet financial requirement - gov. imposed & increased taxes - Burdon on people . Increased unemployment . Issue of economic reconstruction, economic crisis