PIB Summary and Analvsis: September 2017 Presented by - Khushboo
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Mains Practice Question Q) Examine no detention Policy.
. MNREGA Major changes in past 2 years e Use of ICT tools, e space technology, e focus on improving livelihood resource base of people, e provision of diversified livelihood opportunities through convergent programme implementation are some of the major features of changes brought in programme management. o Measure like electronic fund management system (eFMS), e Aadhaar seeding, e Geo tagging of assets and o strengthening of Social Audit System are some steps towards bringing in more transparency and accountability in the programme implementation.
e Emphasis on proper work file maintenance, setting up of Citizen Information Boards as part of Janta Information Systems are some of the other measures. e Current Financial Year is marked by the highest ever budget allocation of Rs. 48000 Cr. e To ensure that MGNREGA workers receive their wages on time, National Electronic Fund Management System (NeFMS) has been put in place. Almost 96% of wages are being paid directly to the beneficiaries bank accounts. e Intense monitoring and fixing accountability for delays in payments has shown significant result in the current financial year.
main objectives - Strengthening the livelihood resource base of the poor. . e government is laying stress on strengthening the livelihood resource base of the poor and the vulnerable. . Close to 1.5 Cr works are taken up every year under MGNREGA. In the last FY, strong push towards work completion led to the highest work completion of 62 Lakhs. . Completed works have been geo tagged and made available in public domain improving and enhancing transparency in programme management. e mandatory to geo tag three stages of an asset creation.
e To optimize public investments, adequate focus is also being laid on convergence of MGNREGS with other schemes. Example - is houses being constructed under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY). . While 33 Lakhs houses were constructed in FY 2016-17 with Rs. 18000 from MGNREGS as unskilled wage labour contribution to every house, the current financial year's target is 51 lakh PMAY houses. Besides, MGNREGA provides Rs. 12000 for construction of household latrines in every PMAY house. e Through such examples of convergence, the Ministry is trying to ensure gainful and proper utilization of funds along with provision of wage employment seeking work.
o Independent Social Audit Units have been set up in 24 States and 3100 State Resource Persons have been trained to conduct social audit as per auditing standards. e Large scale training of Self-Help Group women as Village Resource . Multiple assets to a household for augmentation of livelihood . Skilling the MGNREGS workers through Barefoot Technician Persons for social audit is being undertaken potential is a major thrust under MGNREGS. program is another initiative. So far, 5380 Bare Foot Technicians (BFT) have been trained so far in 19 States to provide technical support at field level.
The present divergence between MGNREGA wages and minimum wages for agricultural labour is on account of the fact that the States do not follow a scientific and uniform system of indexation of wage rates while MGNREGA wages are increased based on changes in Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labours.
MGNREGA & MoRD EXPENDIT MGNREGS % of GDP GDP at Current Prices (2011-12 Series) 2 Year 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 3 39,778.82 38,552.62 36,025.04 44,002.59 58,354.21 4 0.40 0.34 0.29 0.32 0.38 9944013 11233522 12445128 13682035 15183709
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