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15th September : PIB Summary and Analysis
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MNREG, A few awards, book authored and engineers day.

Khushboo Kumari
Teaching is a passion! Have 5 years of teaching experience. Now, I am on my way to make my dream a reality.

U
Unacademy user
We are drowning in information and starving for knowledge objective- according to the right of children to free and compulsory education act or right ro education act (RTE) 2009 education a fundamental right of every child b/w the age of 6 and 14 under article 21 A and specifies minimum norms in schools so the policy said that children should not be failed and detained up to class 8. Important points focused on policy a) the dropout rate was very high due to students were not interested to study further because they were thinking they can't pass the exam so to overcome dropout it was the perfect initiative b) the RTE act under section 16 prohibit schools from detaining or expelling any student up to class 8 c) act mandates a process of continuous and comprehensive evaluation to asses and evaluate the student's learning and then discuss with parents d) enable a child to learn better without the fear of failure and detention e) even though it is important to sustain students interest in education BUT--- as per the TSR Subramanin committee on education a) committee has recommended that no detention policy must be continued for young children of class v b) instead of no detention policy at least two extra chances being offered to prove their capabilities to move further class so that children will not get demotivated. c) no detention policy reduce the quantity of education and led to no difference between Good and bad d) this policy made parents and children irresponsible and careless for the study which can be negative impact on student's carrer e) students especially at government run schools have been consistently under performing in reading comprehensive.
Shashank jain
2 years ago
mam please review my answer. and this question will come under gs2 government policy. please review it
No-detention policy (NDP) is provided under section 16 of right to education (RTE) act and is a part of Continuous and Comprehensive Evolution (CCE) .According to it no child admitted in a school shall be held back in any class or expelled up to class 8.Aiming to reduce dropout rate especially among economically weaker section this policy was introduced with good intention.its benefit- 1- CCE process includes assessments at short intervals instead of one final exam keeping teacher updated about their student's performance entire year. 2- It had reduced dropout rates as promised and ensured holistic development of child. 3-It had removed fear of failing from students and even economically backward parents were encouraged to send their kids to school up to class 8 at least. 4- Since a child is too young in class 5 to know the difference between success and failure it had saved them from negative psychological impact of detainment. Issues with NDP- 1-According to annual status of education report (ASER) 2016 less than 48% of children in class 5 can read a class 2 level book and only 43% class 8 can do a simple division in rural India. 2-It had made students lazy as they know they will be promoted anyway and teachers become careless. 3-It may be introduced with good intention but its poor implementation has done more harm than good encouraging union cabinet to scrap it in august 2017. 4-It had badly effected foundation of kids up to class 8 resulting in poor performance in higher class mainly due to unawareness and carelessness of educator and school administration.But again it'll better if teachers made aware about the CCE pattern properly also NDP should be scrapped only for class 8 not class for 5 students.
DIYA PRAKASH
2 years ago
the question come under GS paper 2
The no-detention policy was introduced as a part of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) under the Right to Education Act (RTE) in 2010. Under this policy, students up to class 8 are automatically promoted to the next class without being held back even if they do not get a passing grade. The policy was to ensure that no child admitted in a school shall be held back in any class or expelled from school until the completion of elementary education. One of the strongest points in favour is that detaining children at an elementary education level damages their self-esteem and brings social stigma attached to failing in a class. In addition, the fear of examinations hurts a child’s developmental plans and does long-term damage. By introducing a no-detention policy, it has also been correctly argued that it helps keep children stay away from social evils, including juvenile crimes. there are some drawback also- Firstly, learning level is determined by several factors—teaching practices, teacher quality, availability of books, socio-economic background of children, school environment, etc. To isolate one factor, policy of no-detention, as a sole determinant of lowering of learning levels is neither plausible nor justifiable.Secondly, implicit in that argument is that children study only because of the fear of being detained. This is a serious charge and hits at the very bottom of the entire process and philosophy of school education. however this policy has a merit if implemented properly coupled with schemes like mid day meal etc. thing should be kept in mind is The prime objective should be to effect an all-round development of children and equipping them with life skills. The fact remains that today’s children are tomorrow’s future, and it is in our interest that we fix the issues we face before it gets too late.
Mam please make a video explaining elnino and lanino concept. It would be of great help.
plz use some what dark color slids with text....light color creating some problem
  1. PIB Summary and Analvsis: September 2017 Presented by - Khushboo


  2. Hi! I am Khushboo I have done BCA from DAV College, Jalandhar. PGDCA from SVSU Campus Placement- IBM and Infosys Cleared IBPS PO Mains and Clerical exam as well. Have around 3 years of experience in teaching. Hobbies - Cycling, collecting goggles, inculcating imaginative and creative thoughtsamong children. . o o RATE, REVIEW, RECOMMEND and Share Unacademy.in/user/khushboosinghrajput


  3. Mains Practice Question Q) Examine no detention Policy.


  4. . MNREGA Major changes in past 2 years e Use of ICT tools, e space technology, e focus on improving livelihood resource base of people, e provision of diversified livelihood opportunities through convergent programme implementation are some of the major features of changes brought in programme management. o Measure like electronic fund management system (eFMS), e Aadhaar seeding, e Geo tagging of assets and o strengthening of Social Audit System are some steps towards bringing in more transparency and accountability in the programme implementation.


  5. e Emphasis on proper work file maintenance, setting up of Citizen Information Boards as part of Janta Information Systems are some of the other measures. e Current Financial Year is marked by the highest ever budget allocation of Rs. 48000 Cr. e To ensure that MGNREGA workers receive their wages on time, National Electronic Fund Management System (NeFMS) has been put in place. Almost 96% of wages are being paid directly to the beneficiaries bank accounts. e Intense monitoring and fixing accountability for delays in payments has shown significant result in the current financial year.


  6. main objectives - Strengthening the livelihood resource base of the poor. . e government is laying stress on strengthening the livelihood resource base of the poor and the vulnerable. . Close to 1.5 Cr works are taken up every year under MGNREGA. In the last FY, strong push towards work completion led to the highest work completion of 62 Lakhs. . Completed works have been geo tagged and made available in public domain improving and enhancing transparency in programme management. e mandatory to geo tag three stages of an asset creation.


  7. e To optimize public investments, adequate focus is also being laid on convergence of MGNREGS with other schemes. Example - is houses being constructed under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY). . While 33 Lakhs houses were constructed in FY 2016-17 with Rs. 18000 from MGNREGS as unskilled wage labour contribution to every house, the current financial year's target is 51 lakh PMAY houses. Besides, MGNREGA provides Rs. 12000 for construction of household latrines in every PMAY house. e Through such examples of convergence, the Ministry is trying to ensure gainful and proper utilization of funds along with provision of wage employment seeking work.


  8. o Independent Social Audit Units have been set up in 24 States and 3100 State Resource Persons have been trained to conduct social audit as per auditing standards. e Large scale training of Self-Help Group women as Village Resource . Multiple assets to a household for augmentation of livelihood . Skilling the MGNREGS workers through Barefoot Technician Persons for social audit is being undertaken potential is a major thrust under MGNREGS. program is another initiative. So far, 5380 Bare Foot Technicians (BFT) have been trained so far in 19 States to provide technical support at field level.


  9. The present divergence between MGNREGA wages and minimum wages for agricultural labour is on account of the fact that the States do not follow a scientific and uniform system of indexation of wage rates while MGNREGA wages are increased based on changes in Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labours.


  10. MGNREGA & MoRD EXPENDIT MGNREGS % of GDP GDP at Current Prices (2011-12 Series) 2 Year 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 3 39,778.82 38,552.62 36,025.04 44,002.59 58,354.21 4 0.40 0.34 0.29 0.32 0.38 9944013 11233522 12445128 13682035 15183709