Banking instruments are those devices or instruments which help do banking activities. Here banking activity means transaction of cash, sending and receiving money nationally or internationally, by online or electronic process, the process of lending money and any other activity that includes that bank. These banking activities involve many types of instruments and those are called banking instruments. These instruments can be electronic devices or the in hand equipment. In recent days there are several apps and different types of websites which also count as banking instruments. BPS or Basis points are one of them. The basis points or BPS is a unit that is helpful while the measurements in the field of finance have been done.

## Basis Points

There are various types of banking instruments. These instruments are those which always get used while committing any type of banking activity including banking transfers or transactions, these money sending and receiving processes can be done nationally or internationally. Banking activities do not count only money-related processes, it also involves processes that have no connection with the money transaction. These activities can be done both in the bank and out of the bank premises. As an example, a draft, a cheque, an electronic or telegraphic device and many other similar instruments can be counted. In counting every percentage or measurement that is related to the field of the Indian economy, get the help by Basis Points or BPS. This unit of measurement is so helpful for every person who is counting any percentage in the field of finance or Indian economics. Other different units can be used but those are less helpful or sometimes inactive. Especially in the cases of solving equations or in order to come to a percentage that is related to the economic stages of India and in some other countries, the other unit of measurements works less effectively. They are not the ones that will be so helpful or active as much as the BPS or Basis Point. BPS is also helpful in counting the interest rates. So this unit of counting and expressing the measurements is also helpful for the people who have taken out loans or are in debt.

## The Unit of Measuring Instrument

There are various types of measuring instruments. Every instrument that helps in measuring any unit or anything is called the measuring instrument. Some things can not be counted not only with the numerical agents. These are the agents that need particular units that can express the original measurement very specifically. Height, weight, width, surfaces and many more are the things that can not be counted only with the help of numerical agents. These particular measurements need to be expressed with the help of some units. There are various types of instruments that help in counting these types of measurements. In order to count the temperature thermometers help, the unit that expresses the measurements the unit of degrees helps. In order to count the vibration rate of earthquakes the Richter scale helps. The unit of kilo or pound helps to measure the weight and for this, the instrument of various weight measurement techniques has been used. In order to measure the points of any liquid quantity, the unit of liter has been used. While measuring the height or distance the unit of meter is being used.

## Calculation of the Basis Points

Calculators of the basis points mainly state that the basis points to percentage. The percentage is also convertible by dividing it and calculating the points that are equal to 0.01. Basis points are the points that can be divided by 100 and also multiplied with the rate by 100. Basis points can be described as it is the changing process that can also change the interest rate. Basis points out that the lender finds out the lower interest rate by 50 basis points to 3.5% discount point. The basis point is a single basis point that can be defined as 0.1%. The smallest unit of counting interest rate and other financial rates. Basis points are equal to the 100 of 1%. It is also represented as the value of an asset of the change in yield. That can be denoted as 0.01%. Basis points can help in finding confidential interest rates in banks.

## Conclusion

BPS or basis point is one of the most crucial examples of banking instruments. This paper is chiefly focused on the basic points. This paper starts with a meta description of the basis point. Their basis point along with the banking instrument was defined in brief. After that in the introduction part, the main factors of banking instruments were discussed. The basis points and their uses were also described. In the main body, basis points were discussed elaborately. In the end, in order to make this assignment paper easy for the readers there, an FAQ section was also provided.