Human actions have significant impacts on the climate, ecosystem, and biodiversity of this planet. Effects such as Global warming, erratic weather, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, extinction of species, ozone layer depletion, etc., have reached such a level that they have started affecting our daily lives. These changes can be traced back to human actions such as the overutilization of fossil fuels, exponential growth in population, industrialization, deforestation, and many more. We must understand that we are on a path of destruction and are slowly but surely digging our graves. Thus, to prevent this, we need to understand the core reasons and effects of such a situation.
Human actions causing detrimental effects: Many human activities have been borne out of greed, financial benefits, and some due to unawareness, but these have been carried on for generations without any significant update. Any change would lead to long withstanding economic effects that the individual is not ready to upvote. Thus even today, we turn a blind eye to these practices on the environment and biodiversity. Some of these practices can be listed below as:
- Overfishing and poaching: Fishes are one of the staple diets of humans. The marine reserves are enormous and can sustain us if utilized in a resourceful manner. The poaching of wild animals has driven many animals and plants to become extinct or on the brink of extinction.
- Industrialization generates lots of waste that causes air, water, and soil pollution.
- Consumerism: The mentality of humans to consume more and more products is known as consumerism.
- Transport and vehicles: This leads to immense use of fossil fuels.
- Oil Drilling: Drilling of oil is relentless and leads to a massive amount of pollution.
- Waste: The generation of waste increases every year; this puts severe pressure on the environment regarding various kinds of pollution.
- Deforestation: This has catastrophic results and impacts multiple aspects of our life. Yet human greed knows no bounds.
- Oil and Gas: This is the staple fuel in most industries. The burning of fossil fuels leads to various levels of pollution.
Environment getting affected due to the impacts of Human Actions:
Now we are ready to understand the impact human actions have on the environment. They can be listed as:
- Overpopulation: The human population is increasing exponentially. This creates a shortage of space, food, and resources. Thus to acquire more resources, humans have started to take more and more from mother nature without any respect for her safety and balance limits.
- Pollution: Another major problem that we face is the increasing stack of waste and corruption around the globe. Pollutants from human activities have made their way into the water, soil, and air. This has to lead to immense harm to the environment, the ecosystem that is a part of the environment, and us humans.
- Global Warming: All of us have heard how the earth is heating up due to our malpractices and mismanagement. This has led to unusual weather and loss of biodiversity as animals cannot cope with these climate changes. Also, there is a significant risk of melting the polar ice caps, which will have drastic consequences.
- Climate Change: A direct consequence of global warming can be felt with climate change phenomena. This will lead to frequent occurrences of droughts, floods, etc.
- Overfishing, water pollution: Overfishing can lead to severe problems in the marine ecosystems, effects which cannot be predicted at the moment. Water pollution also is a severe problem and can lead to over-acidification of the oceans and seas, causing loss of coral reefs and other ecosystems.
- Deforestation: another phenomenon that is a result of direct human actions. The need to cut down forests to expand farmlands, build houses, for the lack of wood and other resources, and set up industries has led to the destruction of flora and fauna.
Thus, we have seen the different human actions and their impacts on our planet through this article. We are trying to impose various sanctions and safety norms to prevent and counter environmental pollution. Still, there is a gap between the expected and ideal results and real-life scenarios. We all join our hands in following the three R’s reuse, reduce and recycle. Many big brands and companies are taking initiatives to implement these environmental sanctions and make their products environment-friendly. Every small effort from an individual can go a long way in preserving and reversing the effect of the damage done until now. After all, it is only with good ethics and habits that we can change this effect.