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Introduction:Status of Agriculture in India
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This lesson provides an overview of the agriculture sector of India

Awdhesh Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Awdhesh Singh
Director, AwdheshAcademy.com, An E-learning platform for Civil Services, Schools, GST etc., IITian, Former IRS Officer CSE-1989 rank 272

U
Unacademy user
THANX FOR THE STRATEGY SIR.
please sir make course in hindi
sir..it is an excellent course you are providing us....thanks a lot...please provide us more such videos
Awdhesh Singh
6 months ago
Many thanks. I shall do the needful
In the light of current Agriculture crisis this course by Awdhesh sir can be regrded as the panacea for Wholesum understanding of this issue.. a must course..!! thanks a lot sir. 🙏🙏🙂
Vp
sir please bring more such Great sessions for us .....it helps rural areas students like me......very great initiative ..... Thanks u alot
A great course sir.keep on making these courses.
  1. Status of Agriculture Sector in India Dr Awdhesh Singh, IRS (Retd.) Director, Awdhesh Academy, Former Commissioner, Customs & Indirect Taxes (Central Excise/GST)


  2. .B Tech from IIT-BHU Varanasi, M Tech from IIT- Delhi &PhD IIITM-Gwalior in 2008 Joined IRS (C&IT) in 1991. .Received WCO Certificate of Merit in 2011 Received Presidential Award from Government of India in 2016 Took VRS in October 2016 in the rank of Commissioner Fifth Most Followed Writer on Quora in the world with over 2.5 lakhs followers and over 115 Million Answer views 2I Authored four bestselling books on the topic of Spiritual Intelligence Leadership, Myths, and GST. . Books on 'Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude' and '31 Director, Awdhesh Academy Ways to Happiness' is expected soon Follow Me @ unacademy.in/user/aksinghirs AwdheshSingh.com


  3. Overview of Agriculture OIndia has achieved record food grain production of 275.11 million tonnes during 2016-17 and 300 million tonnes of fruits & vegetables .48% of the population of India dependent on agriculture. .Around 41.0 percent of GVA (Gross Value Added) of this sector based on livestock products, forestry and fisheries. According to the census 2011, 54.6 per cent of the population is engaged in agriculture and allied activities and it contributes 17 per cent to the country's Gross Value Added (current price 2015-16, 2011-12 series)


  4. GVA (Gross Value Added) Gross value added (GVA) is the measure of the value of goods and services produced in an area, industry or sector of an economy. In national accounts GVA is output minus intermediate consumption. GVA is linked as a measurement to gross domestic product (GDP), as both are measures of output. The relationship is defined as: + taxes on products - subsi GVA GDPsubsidies - taxes


  5. GDP contribution Period 1960-61/ 1968-69/ 1975-76/ 1988-89/ 1995-96/ 2004-05/ 1968-69 1975-76 1988-89 1995-96 2004-05 2014-15 Average GDP @2004-05 prices (Rs Billion) Agriculture Agriculture & Allied Activities Industry Services 1636 2004 725 3473 4116 2958 1955 2547 3047 1676 4358 5174 4773 13083 5771 6911 9470 28991 2401 1000 2517 Share of (%) 33.0 4078 28.9 34.6 19.0 1859 Agriculture Agriculture & Allied Activities Industry Services 7286 24.2 28.7 20.6 35.7 18.9 22.5 20.7 12.7 15.2 20.9 40.6 15.8 40.5 16.9 42.5 46.3 50.7 56.8 63.9 Agro-processing (textiles, food, oil, etc.), retail, credit, warehousing, transport, etc. are also GDP contributors that rely on agriculture for their growth


  6. Production Status of Crops (as on Name of the Crops 2015-16 104.41 92.29 4.24 8.07 22.57 1.82 0.39 1.44 38.52 235.22 2.56 7.06 1.95 1.59 0.72 2.47 16.35 251.57 2016-1 109.70 98.51 4.57 9.73 25.90 1.39 0.44 1.75 43.77 251.98 4.87 9.38 2.83 2.17 0.89 2.99 23.13 275.11 8 Rice Wheat owar Bajra Maize Ragi Small Millets Barle Coarse Cereals Cereals Tur 111.01 97.11 4.66 9.26 27.14 1.96 0.42 1.99 45.42 253.54 4.02 11.10 3.23 1.74 0.79 3.07 23.95 277.49 Gram Urad Moon Other Kharif Pulses Other Rabi Pulses Total Pulses Total Foodgrains


  7. Other Major Produce Maior produce tvpe Milk Eggs Fish Meats including Poultry Fibre crops Cereals Pulses Oilseeds Sugar cane Horticulture Quantit 165 mill tons 83,929 mill pcs 10.79 mill tons 7.02 mill tons 7.52 mill tons 252.73mill tons 22.95 mill tons 32.1 mill tons 306.72 mill tons 300.64 mill tons


  8. Stress on System "17% of Global Population -stress on supply side .Soil fatigue Ground water depletion Plateauing yield Climate change . Post-harvest losses 4% of Global Water Resources "2.4% of Geographical Area


  9. Role of Agriculture .Agriculture has the moral responsibility of meeting food and nutritional security. It has to generate gainful employment resulting in income gains to make the farmers more economically secure. It has to generate raw material that will directly support agro- processing of food and non-food products to support secondary agriculture. It has to support agro-processing industry to produce primary and intermediate goods, which will feed the manufacturing sector. Agricultural practices need to be on a sustainable basis.


  10. References Ashok Dalwai, Agriculture & Doubling Farmers' Income, p://www.agritrade.org/Plenary/Ottawa%20Presentatio ns/Dayal ppt https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gross_value_added and Broadcasting, Government of India . India 2018, A Reference Manual, Ministry of Information