GOVERNOB GENERALS& LEARERS OF BRITISH INDIA AND MORERNINDIA PERSONALITIES
COURSE OVERVIEW VARIOUS GOVERNOR GENERALS AND VICEROYS OF INDIA LEADERS AFTER INDEPENDENCE VARIOUS POLITICAL LEADERS.
Governor, Governor general and viceroys of India: O GOVERNOR: Robert Clive(1757-60& 1765-67) Barelast (1767-69) Cartier (1769-72) Warren Hastings (1772-74) O GOVERNOR GENERAL Warren Hastings (1774-85) Lord Cornwallis (1786-93 & 1805) Sir John Shore (1793-98) Lord Welligelay (1798-1805) Sir George Barlow (1805-07) Lord Minto I ( 1807-18 1 3)
Lord Hastings (1813-1823) Lord Amherst (1823-28) Lord William Bentick (1828-1835) Sir Charles Metcalfe (1835-36) Lord Auckland (1836-42) Lord Ellenborough (1842-44) Lord Harding I (1844-48) Lord Dalhousie (1848-56) Lord Canning (1856-57) O VICEROY OF INDIA Lord Canning (1858-62) Lord Elgin I (1862-63) Lord Lawrence (1864-1869) Lord Mayo (1869-1872) Lord North brook (1872-76)
Lord Lytton (1876-1880) Lord Rippon (1880-84) Lord Duffrin (1884-88) Lord Lansdowne (1888-94) Lord Elgin II (1894-99) Lord Curzon (1899-1905) Lord Minto II (1905-1910) Lord Harding II (1910-16) Lord Chelmsford (1916-21) Lord Reeding (1921-26) Lord Irwin (1926-31) Lord Wellington (1931-36) Lord Linlithgow (1936-44) Lord Wavel (1944-47) Lord Mountbatten (1947-48)
ROBERT CLIVE (1757-60 & 1765-67) .Founder of British Indian Empire known as "Clive of India" Starts as British administrator and military leader . Involved in Battle of Plassey ( 1757) . Started Dual administration in Bengal .He takes Mughal king Shah Alam II under British East India Company. .Recalled for First Anglo-Mysore War (1766-69).
WARREN HASTINGS (1774-85) .He started modern western administration in India. . He established criminal and civil court in every district in 1772. .Established first Madrasa in Calcutta in 1781 for development of Muslim education. The Asiatic society of Bengal established in his time period. . He stopped annual pension to Mughal emperor and reduced the pension of Nawab of Bengal Overall administration including Civil services was very corrupt during his tenure Govemot qenerals
First newspaper of India i.e. The Bengal Gudget published during his tenure in in 1780 by James Augustus Hicci. He led first Anglo-Maratha war (1775-82) followed by treaty of Salbai . He also involved in second Anglo-Mysore war (1780-84), where Haider ali died and Mysore defeated. . .Pits India act was enacted in 1784. During his tenure Judicial murder of Nand Kumar took place. as sfied an impeachment in 1785 in Eingland. Govemot qenerals
SIR JOHN MACFERSON (1785-86) . Appointedas temporary governor general. LORD CORNWALLIS (1786-93 & 1805) He was the founder of civil services in India. He created post of DSP. . He was the father of modern police in India .He proposed Cornwallis code (1793) which was based on several judicial reforms. . He also carried out gradation of courts. Govemot qenerals
system in Bihar and Bengal. Restriction on personal businesses of Company's workers . Involved in third Anglo-Mysore war (1790-92) followed by treaty of Sri Rangapatnam SIR JOHN SHORE (1793-1805) First civil servant to become governor general. Charter act 1793 was enacted during his period. .He defeated Nizam of Hyderabad. Govemot qenerals