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Introduction of National Parks, Wild Life Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserve (in Odia)
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To help for all competitive exam

Uttam Mohanty
Uttam Ku. Mohanty | North Odisha | +4yr experience | Passionate competitive exam educator | OPSC, SSC, Banking, Railway etc | ସ୍ୱାଗତ କେନ୍ଦ୍ର

Unacademy user
I want to get a job in IB or RAW and for this I thought to prepare for IPS but unfortunately as it is a technical field so they require a minimum height of 165 cm but mine is only 160 cm.Should I still dream for it?

  2. AIMTo Protect Environment and Wild Life Constitution Article -21 - Right to have healthy environment (FR- 12 to 35) Part - IV Article 48 Agriculture and Animal husbandry Article 48 A Protection of Environment Part IV A Fundamental Duties 51g - to Protect & Improve Environment Environment & Wildlife - Concurrent List Environment - Forest -Tree canopy coverage Geographical Area-10% or more Forest Takrn minimum size of sample = 1 hectare ( l * 104 m ) state of the Forest report (SFR) = It is a report published by forest survey of India (Dehradun) Every 2 years , latest report 2015 A/C to it Forest cover , 24.16% and this data is obtained from the remote sensing satellite Directive Principle of state policy Wildlife Forest

  3. Difference Between Biosphere Reserve , National Park ,Wildlife Sanctuary Biosphere Reserve Animal + Plant + Microbial + Landscaping Declared by - Centre Managed by State 3 Zone Core Buffer-Transition National Park Animal Decleared by Centre Law Managed by State No human activities have similar ecosystem (Living organism Non Living organism (such as air, water, soil) Wildlife SanctuaryAnimal+ Bird Decleared by - State , Managed by State Little human activities ( for timber wood ) permitted



  6. BIOSPHERE RESERVE (B.R) Core Area - TRANSITION Protection of Biodiversity minimum Disturbance, No human activities Permitted Transition - BUFFER Agriculture Crop , Fishing, Human Settlement CORE AREA Buffer- Limited Activity Research ,education and echo tourism.

  7. Total Biosphere Reserve in India - 18 Biosphere Reserve often includes one or more National Park and Wild life Sanctuary Ten of the eighteen Biosphere Reserve are a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserve , based on the UNESCO man and the Biosphere (MAB) programme list UNESCO Chairman - Eerina Bacoba HQ Paris , France Nilagiri Biosphere Reserve = Tamilnadu , Kerala , Karnataka 2, Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve = Tamilnadu 3. Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve West Bengal 4. Nandadevi Biosphere Reserve = Uttarakhand 5. Nokrek Biosphere Reserve Meghalaya 6. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhyapradesh 7. Similipal Biosphere Reserve Odisha 8. Achanakmar Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Chhatishgarh (2/3 area), Madhyapradesh (1/3 area) 9. Great Nicobar Biosphere ReserveAndaman & Nicobar Island 10. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve = Kerala & Tamilnadu (2016)

  8. World = 669 sites (120 Countries ) , India-18 Included 10 From India till March 2016 meeting held at Lima (Peru) In which 20 new sites are added I I. Manas Biosphere Reserve - Asam 12. DihangDibang Biosphere Reserve -ArunachalPradesh 13. Great Rann of Kutch Biosphere Reserve Gujurat 14. Cold Desert Biosphere Reserve 15. KhangChendiongaBiospher Reserve - Sikkim 16. Dibrusaikhowa Biosphere Resrve-Assam (smallest) 17.Seshachalam Hills -Andharapradesh 18. Panna Biosphere Resrve Madhypradesh HimachalPradesh Largest Biosphere Reserve of India Great Ran of Kuych (12,454 km2) Smallest Biosphere Resrve of indai DibruSaikhowa First Biosphere Reserve Nilagiri Biosphere Reserve (2000) Trijection Tamilnadu , Kerela , Karnataka



  11. C. Uttarakhand: Corbett National Park (First in India to launch a project tiger conservation) Nanda Devi National Park (world Heritage site) Rajaji National Park v Valley of Flower D. Haryana:- Sultanpur National Park (Bird) E. Rajasthan:- Desert Natioanl Park (Great Indian Bustard found only in Indian) Mukundra Hills Keoladeo Ghana NP (Migratory Birds Siberian cranes) Ranthambhore NP (Tiger) Sariska NP (Tiger)

  12. K.Madhya Pradesh (Total -9 ) Largest NP India Bandhavgarh (Tiger) Kanha N P (Largest Tiger) Pench (Priyadarshin NP ) Van Vihar N P L. Gujarat :- Black Buck N P (Wild Ass) Gir N P (Asiatic Lion) Marine (Gulf of kachchh) N P M. Maharashtra: - Pench N P (Madhya Pradesh) Sanjay Gandhi N P (Kanheri Caves)

  13. V.Arunachal Pradesh:- Mouling N P (Flying squirrely Red Panda) W. Nagaland: Intanki NP (Bird) . Manipur:- Keibullamjao NP (only floating NP) in Loktak Lake Y. Tripura: Clouded Leopard NP Z.Andaman & Nicobar Island : - (total - 9) Rani Jhansi Marine NP South Button NP (Blue Whale, Dolphin) smallest NP Saddled Peak NP Mahatama Gandhi Marine NP

  14. THANKS