Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security Lesson 7
In this Lesson Government schemes for Food Security
ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA (AAY Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) was launched in December 2000 AAY involves identification of one crore poorest of the poor families from amongst the number of BPL families covered under TPDS . . Aim is to provide them food grains at a highly subsidized rate of Rs.2/- per kg. for wheat and Rs.3/- per kg for rice * Selected families are given the Antyodaya Ration Card'
The States must bear the distribution cost and the transportation cost Initially 25 kg per family per month was granted, later increased to 35 kg per family per month from 1st April 2002 The scope of the scheme has been increased twice to now include a total of 2 crore BPL families . . * ANNAPURNA SCHEME Under this scheme, senior citizens of India (over 65 years old) who do not earn any pension, are eligible for 10 kg of grains free of cost every month .
INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SCHEME (ICDS) Launched in 1975, its objectives are . . to improve the nutritional and health status of children (0-6 years) to lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child to reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout to achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development e to enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education
KISHORI SHAKTI YOJANA (KSY) . A special intervention for adolescent girls under the ICDS infrastructure * The broad objectives of the Scheme- Improve nutritional, health and development status of adolescent girls * Promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition and family care . Opportunities for learning life skills Going back to school . Help them gain a better understanding of their social environment . Enable them to become productive members of the society
NATIONAL IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERS CONTROL PROGRAM (NIDDCP) lodine is an essential micronutrient and is required daily at 100-150 micrograms for normal human growth the Government of India launched a 100% centrally assisted National Goiter Control Program in 1962 It was renamed to National lodine Deficiency Disorders Control Program in 1992 . . . It addresses lodine Deficiency Disorders like mental and physical retardation, deaf mutinous, still births, abortions & various types of goiter
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG-'SABLA, . This programme started in April 2011 . This scheme aims at empowering Adolescent Girls (11-18 years) through nutrition, healthcare and life skills education It has two major components viz. Nutrition and Non Nutrition Under the Nutrition component, the Adolescent Girls in the age group of 11-18 years are provided Supplementary Nutrition containing 600 calories, 18-20 grams of protein and micronutrients per day for 300 days in a year * .
MID-DAY MEAL SCHEME Tamil Nadu was a front runner in the implementation of the scheme * ensuring an atmosphere in which children can grow with good health and good education. It has twin objective of improving nutritional status as well as enables the children to come to schools and remain there in school throughout the day This is one of the grandest child nutrition schemes the world has ever seen - It provides cooked lunch for 120 million school kids in over 12 lakh schools all over the country It is the largest school meal scheme in the world * . .
NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL ANEMIA PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAM (NNAPP) Started in 1970 NFHS-4 states that 53% of women of reproductive age group suffer from anemia in India Anemia is directly or indirectly responsible for about 20% of maternal deaths Children (6-10 years) will be provided 30 mg elemental iron and 250 mcg folic acid per child per day for 100 days in a year Adolescents (11-18 years) will be supplemented at the same doses and duration as adults . . .