Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Enroll
1.1k
Download
History of Tribunal System Part 2
932 plays

More
This lesson covers: History of Tribunal System Part 2.

Roman Saini is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Roman Saini
Part of a great founding team at Unacademy with Gaurav, Hemesh. Movies, Guitar, Books, Teaching.

Unacademy user
the ans of 1st question is 4248
Mona Choudhary
a month ago
yes... by mistake..
Its really excites me to learn more. But the explanation is too quick, sometimes i couldn't get the points so i reversed again and again
Thanks a lot sir ..you are best educator I found ever in my life . Sir one more request I have to you please let me know how to get unacademy t shirt.as a learner
roman sir i always follow you on u tube on uacademy when i hav mobile @Roman Saini sir m unablae to continue my to study my parents dosrnt support me ,m banking aspirant please help me ...m hopeless even i hav no internet bhut jada request k baad milta hai connection internet ka ..please help me sir,,
Aditya A S
13 days ago
hello Hanna Hanni, I'm Aditya from Lucknow. If you trust me, only then reply. I can feel your situation, and I wanna help u out. But first reply here. Wish you a bright future ahead !
  1. Tribunal System In India- GS 2 Lesson- 2 Presented By ROMAN SAINI


  2. unacademy Home Explore Plus a 0 minutes today Roman Search Courses, Topics &Educators 180 creds UPSC CSE ! 30- hours of live sessions everyday plus Structured courses in English and Hindi R 25+ top educators CID New courses published every month Learn mor O Prior Plus courses Topics SEE ALL Practice & Strategy nt affairsInternational Polity Geography History CSAT- Paper II Relations 12 courses 10 courses 9 courses 8 courses 6 courses 6 courses G courses


  3. unacademy Roman 0 minutes today Home Explore plus a search Courses, Topics & Educators 160 credits Educators SEE ALL Ayussh Sanghi 0 7Tk live rminutes Deepika Reddy Magham Arpita Sharma ()16k live minutes Jatin Verma Mrunal Patel 6. Aartee Mishra o-o 25k live minutes Mudit Gupta 17k Eve minutes 54k live minute 52k tive minutes 17k live minutes Geography SEE ALL GEOGRAPHY GEOGRAPHY Complete course on Indian Geography Lesson 2 Today, 100 PM Vinita Dovi Complete Course on Physica Geography Lesson 2 Today, 1:00PM SUDARSHAN Gurjar Complete Course on Physica Comprehensive Course on Geography Lesson 2Today, 2:30 PM Vinita Devi Geography Optional for UPSC 2019 Lesson 2 Today, 6:00PM Rizwan Md


  4. IN THIS LESSON Tribunal System In India History Of Tribunal System (Cont'd)


  5. Tribunal System In India Background and Significance of the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 . The objective behind establishing the 'Tribunals' was to provide an effective and speedier forum for dispensation of justice .But in the wake of routine appeals arising from the orders of such forums, certairn issues have been raised because such appeals are obstructing the constitutional character of the Supreme Court And thus, disturbing the effective working of the Supreme Court as the appeals in these cases do not always involve a question of general public importance. . The Supreme Court is primarily expected to deal with matters of constitutional importance and matters involving substantial question of law of general public importance


  6. Tribunal System In India .Due to overburdening, the Supreme Court is unable to timely address such matters Though the term 'tribunal' has not been defined, but there are cases wherein Courts have laid down the requisites of tribunals. . In Jaswant Sugar Mills Ltd., Meerut v. Lakshmichand, it was held that to determine whether an authority acting judicially was a Tribunal or not, the principal test was whether it was vested with the trappings of a Court Such as having the authority to determine matters, authority to compel the attendance of witnesses, the duty to follow the essential rules of evidence and the power to impose sanctions. .


  7. Tribunal System In India .Most of these tribunals/authorities are a kind of 'Court' performing functions which are of 'judicial' as well as 'quasi-judicial' nature having the trappings of a Court. It has many trappings of the court to ensure justice and fair play, and it has many flexibilities devoid of technicalities of regular court to ensure speedy and affordable justice. In Durga Shankar Mehta v. Raghuraj Singh, the Supreme Court of India held that the expression 'tribunal' according to Article 136 does not mean something as 'Court' but includes within it, all adjudicating bodies, provided they are constituted by State to exercise judicial powers as distinguished from discharging of administrative or legislative functions.


  8. Tribunal System In India The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 The act brings into existence the 'Tribunals' contemplated under Article 323-A(2), to deal with various matters. The Act specifically provides that it will not be applicable to: Any member of the naval, military or air force or of any other armed forces of the union, . Any officer or servant of the Supreme Court or of any High Court, and Any person appointed to the secretarial staff of either House of Parliament or to the secretarial staff of any State Legislature or a House thereof or, in the case of a Union Territory having a legislature, of that legislature Later on in the year of 1987, even the officers and servants of the subordinate courts were also excluded from the purview of the Act


  9. Tribunal System In India The Act provides for the establishment of three kinds of administrative Tribunals: i. The Central Administrative Tribunal, ii. The State Administrative Tribunals and iii. The Joint Administrative Tribunals With the enactment of Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985, a large number of cases relating to service matters pending before various Courts were brought within the jurisdiction of the Tribunals . They have been vested with the powers of Civil Court in respect of some matters including the review of their own decisions and are bound by the principles of natural justice .


  10. Tribunal System In India Choksi Committee - 1977 .A Committee was set up to examine and suggest legal and administrative measures, for the purpose of simplification and rationalisation of Direct Tax Laws. .The Committee recommended the establishment of a "Central Tax Court" with an all-India jurisdiction, under a separate Statute. The recommendations of the Committee necessitated the amendment of the Constitution. . The Committee suggested the desirability of constituting "Special Tax Benches" consisting of judges having special knowledge of the subject in such cases, in High Courts, to deal with the large number of pending tax cases, by having, continuous sitting throughout the year. .


  11. Tribunal System In India National Green Tribunal The Supreme Court, in M.C. Mehta v. Union of India, said that as environment cases involve assessment of scientific data, it was desirable to set up dedicated environment courts at a regional level with a Judge and two experts, keeping in view the expertise required for such adjudication. . There should be an appeal to the Supreme Court from the decision of the environment Court. . The judgment highlighted the difficulties faced by judges while disposing of environmental cases. . It further observed that, 'environment Court must be established for expeditious disposal of environmental cases'.


  12. THANK YOU