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Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping, issues of buffer stocks and food security Lesson 6
In this Lesson * Food Security
. In 1983 Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) defined Food Security as . ensuring that all people at all times have both physical and economic access to the basic food that they need" Food Security PDS +Buffer Stock India is committed to MDG of eradicating poverty and hunger India has several government schemes, an extensive PDS, buffer stock norms and comprehensive legislation to ensure Food Security A renewed focus on Second Green Revolution and necessary Agricultural reforms can strengthen food security in India . . .
Food security is required to- Access to quality, nutritious food is fundamental to human existence Maintain integrity and sovereignty of nation, prevent dependency on other nations for basic needs such as food, as happened in 1960s Provide a dignified life to even the poorest of poor as envisaged in our Constitution (Art 21) Upholding Human Rights and fundamental Right to Food Meet emergencies such as Floods, droughts It will also help in better healthcare, strong workforce, economic development, poverty reduction, security and stability * . . . . *
National Food Security Act, 2013 Coverage under PDS: 75% Rural and 50% Urban population: State-wise coverage Priority Households (PHH) foodgrains entitlement of 5 kg per person per month will continue Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households constitute poorest of the poor will be protected at 35 kg per household per month State-wise coverage will be determined by the Central Government NITI Aayog has determined the State-wise coverage by using the NSS Household Consumption Survey data for 2011-12. * * .
Nutritious meal, free of charge to pregnant women & lactating mothers and children up to 6 years of age under ICDS Nutritious meal, free of charge to children in the 6-14 years of age group under MDM . . Maternity benefits of Rs. 6000 to Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers . Grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels . Central Government will provide assistance to States in meeting the expenditure incurred by them
No reduction in foodgrains allocation to any State/UT under NFSA Identification of Households will be done by States/UTs as per their own criteria Eldest woman (18 years or above) to be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing of ration cards . . . Provisions for disclosure of records relating to PDS, placing beneficiaries list in public domain Provisions have been made for social audits and setting up of Vigilance Committees in order to ensure transparency and accountability .
Foodgrains under TPDS will be made available at subsid ised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains for a period of 3 years It has been decided by the Government to continue the above mentioned subsidized prices upto June, 2018 Food security allowance will be given to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains Thereafter prices will be as fixed by the Central Government not exceeding MSP Provision for penalty on public servant in case of failure to comply with the relief recommended by the District Grievance Redressal Officer . . .
Section 12 of the Act suggests reforms in TPDS Door-step delivery of foodgrains End-to-End Computerization in order to ensure transparent recording of transactions and to prevent diversions Full transparency of records, online maintenance of records Leveraging Aadhaar for proper targeting Introduction of DBT . .