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CLASS VIII POLITY: OVERVIEW AND FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION BY CHARU MOD.I
ABOUT ME B.A.LL.B.(Hons.) From National Law University Lucknow Pursuing LL.M. National and International moot court competition winner Wrote mains Interest: dance, reading Rate, Review, Recommend, Share Follow me at : http://unacademy.In/user/charumodi
PURPOSES OF CONSTITUTION .1) Ideals 2) nature of a country's political system 3) ensure that a dominant group does not use its power against other, less powerful people or groups 4) to prevent this tyranny or domination by the majority of a minority. 5) save us from ourselves.
FACTORS INFLUENCING CONSTITUTION MAKING Long colonial rule Different communities Partition of India . Socio economic condition of the country * Maintaining diversity and preserving national unity Maintaining diversity and preserving national unity
FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION FEDERALISM the existence of more than one level of government in the country. RATIONAL BEHIND FEDERALISM It was important to have another level of government in the states so that decisions could be made for that particular area. Constitution contains lists that detail the issues that each tier of government can make laws on. PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNMENT guarantees universal adult suffrage for all citizens the people of India ae a diect rolein electing thei representatives
SEPARATION OF POWERS: there are three organs of government. These are the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The legislature refers to our elected representatives. The executive is a smaller group of people who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government. The judiciary, refers to the system of courts in this country. RATIONAL BEHIND SEPARATION OF POWERS: In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of government
FUNDAMENTALRIGHTS: the 'conscience' of the Indian Constitution RATIONAL BEHIND FUNDAMENTALRIGHTS: protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the State. OBJECTIVE OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: The first objective is that every citizen must be in a position to claim those rights. And secondly, these rights must be binding upon every authority that has got the power to make laws SECULARISM: A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion. .
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN STATE AND GOVERNMENT STATE . GOVERNMENT .The State on the other hand refers Governmen ther hand refers.'Governm t'is responsible for to a political institution that represents a sovereign people who occupy a definite territory. administering and enforcing laws. The government can change with elections