CHALLENGES OF NATION BUILDING
INDEX CHALLENGS AFTER INDEPENDENCE PROBLEMS AND CONSEQUENCES OF INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES CREATION OF NEW STATES PARTITION REORGANISATION OF STATES
CHALLENGES AFTER INDEPENDENCE 1)To shape up a nation that was united yet accommodative of the diversity 2)To establish democracy 3)lo ensure the well being of all the citizens 4)Rehabilitate different people
PROBLEMS OF PARTITION 1. T here was no single belt of Muslim majority 2. Not all Muslim majority areas wanted to be in Pakistan 3. Punjab and Bengal - the two Muslim majority provinces had very large population of non- Muslims 4. Problem of minorities on both the sides of the border
CONSEQUENCES OF PARTITION 1. Killings and atrocities in the name of religion 2. Lahore and Kolkata turned into communal zones 3. Minorities took temporary shelter in refugee camps 4. Atrocities against women
INTEGRATION OF PRINCELY STATES BRITISHINDIA PRINCELYSTATESBRITISH INDIAN PROVINCES British announced that with the end of their rule in India, British supremacy over Princely States would also lapse. the Princes of the Princely States were given the power to choose the fate of their state. Problem of integration- Nizam of Hyderabad Junagarh Manipur Sardar Patel negotiated with the Princely States and brought most of them into the Indian Union. 1. 2. 3. . 4.
MANIPUR 1. Before Independence, the Maharaja of Manipur signed the instrument of accession with India 2. The state became a Constitutional monarchy after elections were held in June 1948 under public pressure 3. There were sharp differences in the Legislative 4. Government of India pressurized the Maharaja to sign 5. This caused a lot of anger in Manipur. Assembly of Manipur over merger with India Merger Agreement in September 1949
HYDERABAD Hyderabad, the largest Princely State was surrounded entirely by Indian territory The ruler Nizam, who was one of the richest men in the world wanted an independent status for Hyderabad. Signed Standstill Agreement with India in November 1947. Meanwhile a people's movement against Nizam's rule gathered force. Nizam responded by unleashing a para-military force known as Razakars on its people. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Central government intervened to tackle the situation. 7. After days of fighting with the army, the Nizam finally surrendered. 8. This led to Hyderabad's accession to India.
States Reorganisation Commission Was set up in 1953 by the Central Government. Appointed to look into the question of redrawing boundaries of the states. Commission accepted that boundaries of state reflect boundaries different languages. States Reorganisation Act was passed in 1956 with this report. 14 states and 6 union territories were created though this act. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. CREATION OF NEW STATES Maharashtra and Gujarat- 1960 . Punjab-1966 Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura-1972 Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh-1987 Nagaland-1963 Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand-2000 .
Student of Sri Venkateswara College, proud Indian, meditator and an Art of Living Volunteer!☺️