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MCQs - Class 6 NCERT History- Q111-120 Roman Saini
Q111. Consider the following statements about Upanishadic Thinkers 1. They felt that there was something permanent in the universe that would last even after death. 2. They believed that the 'atman' and 'brahman' were ultimately one. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer- C) Both 1 and 2 Upanishad literally means 'approaching and sitting near' and the texts contain conversations between teachers and students. Often, ideas were presented through simple dialogues. These were part of the later Vedic texts. Many of these thinkers felt that there was something permanent in the universe that would last even after death. They described this as the atman or the individual soul and the brahman or the universal soul. They believed that ultimately, both the atman and the brahman were one.
Q112.Consider the following statements: 1. The Buddha encouraged animal sacrifices. 2. The Buddha taught that karma has no effect on our lives. 3. The Buddha taught that life is a mixture of suffering and happiness. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 and 2 only B) 2 only C) 2 and 3 only D) None of the above
Answer- D) None of the above The Buddha taught that life is full of suffering and unhappiness. This is caused because we have cravings and desires (which often cannot be fulfilled) Sometimes, even if we get what we want, we are not satisfied, and want even more (or want other things). The Buddha described this as thirst or tanha. He taught that this constant craving could be removed by following moderation in everything He also taught people to be kind, and to respect the lives of others, including animals. He believed that the results of our actions (called karma), whether good or bad, affect us both in this life and the next The Buddha taught in the language of the ordinary people, Prakrit, so that everybody could understand his message
Q113. The Vinaya Pitaka is a sacred text of which of the following religions? A) Jainism B) Buddhism C) Sikhism D) Judaism
Answer-B) Buddhism The rules made for the Buddhist sangha were written down in a book called the Vinaya Pitaka.
Q114. "Bring me a handful of mustard seeds, and I will bring your child back to life." To whom the Buddha has made this statement. A) Mahaprajapati Gautami B) Kisa Gotami C) Visakha D) None of the above
Answer- B) Kisa Gotami Here is a famous story about the Buddha. Once there was a woman named Kisagotami, whose son had died. She was so sad that she roamed through the streets of the city carrying the child with her, asking for help to bring him back to life. A kind man took her to the Buddha The Buddha said: "Bring me a handful of mustard seeds, and I will bring your child back to life." Kisagotami was overjoyed and started off at once, but the Buddha gently stopped her and added: "The seeds must come from the house of a family where nobody has died." Kisagotami went from door to door, but wherever she went, she found out that someone or the other - father, mother, sister, brother, husband, wife, child, uncle, aunt, grandfather, grandmother-had died.
Q115. Consider the following statements: 1. The term Buddha literally means enlightened one, a knower/the wise one. 2. The word Jaina comes from the term Jina, meaning conqueror. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
Q117. Where did Buddha taught for the first time? A) Kushinagar B) Sarnath C) Bodh Gaya D) Vaishali
Answer- C) Both land 2 The most famous thinker of the Jainas was Vardhamana Mahavira. He was a kshatriya prince of the Lichchhavis, a group that was part of the Vajji sangha. At the age of thirty, he left home and went to live in a forest. For twelve years he led a hard and lonely life, at the end of which he attained enlightenment. He taught a simple doctrine: men and women who wished to know the truth must leave their homes. They must follow very strictly the rules of ahimsa, which means not hurting or killing living beings.
Q119. Consider the following statements about Jainas: 1. They had to lead very simple lives, begging for food, absolutely honest, and were especially asked not to steal. 2. They had to observe celibacy and men had to give up everything, including their clothes. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A) 1 only B) 2 only C) Both 1 and 2 D) Neither 1 nor 2
Answer- C) Both 1 and 2 Followers of Mahavira, who were known as Jainas, had to lead very simple lives, begging for food. They had to be absolutely honest, and were especially asked not to steal. Also, they had to observe celibacy. And men had to give up everything, including their clothes. It was very difficult for most men and women to follow these strict rules. Nevertheless, thousands left their homes to learn and teach this new way of life. Many more remained behind and supported those who became monks and nuns, providing them with food.
Q120) The most famous female Upanishadic thinker is? A) Gargi B) Ghosha C) Lopamudra D) Maitreyi
Answer- A) Gargi Gargi, who was famous for her learning, and participated in debates held in royal courts.