Talvir Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
TARGET JRF 2018 LAST MINUTE REVISION 30 MOST IMPORTANT TOPICS PAPER 1 TARGET 80+
EXPLORATORY (VS) DESCRIPTIVE (VS) CAUSAL
Exploratory Descriptive Causal Research problems declining... why Researchh problem our products? Researchh clearly define purchase more if .AmbiguousAware of the Problem . Our sales are . Who is buying e Will buyers we change the website?
3-7 A Comparison of Basic Research Designs Exploratory Discovery of ideas Describe and insights Descriptive Causal Determine cause and effect relationships Objective: characteristics or functions Flexible, versatile Marked by the prior formulation of Manipulation of one or nore independent variables Characteristics: specific hypotheses Often the front end of total research design Preplanned and structured design Control of other mediating variables Expert surveys Pilot surveys Secondary data Secondary data Surveys Panels Methods: Experiments -Qualitativ bservation and other data research
. HISTORICAL (VS) EX POST FACTO RESEARCH
Historical Research Examine Past Events . 1. It is another dimension of descriptive research and . 2. It usually focuses on the historical aspect of an issue . 3. Examples are growth of trade unions in India, Qualitative somewhat similar to ex post facto research. of interest or problem. evolution of modern education system in India, etc
Ex-post Facto or Casual - Comparative Research . After the facts. Quasi-experimental-participants are not randomly assigned . Studies what researcher cannot alter (can't make a person overweight for studying its effect on behavior)
Ex-post Facto or Casual - Comparative Researclh 1. It is used in social sciences and business organizations. 2. It is conducted in context of a phenomenon after it has occurred or at the time of its occurrence. . 3. It basically deals with non-manipulated variables of a phenomenon.