Talvir Singh is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
TARGET JRF 2018 LAST MINUTE REVISION 30 MOST IMPORTANT TOPICS PAPER 1 TARGET 80+
ABOUT ME M.Com & MBA From PU CHANDIGARH JRF QUALIFIED IN COMMERCE WORKING AS ASSISTANT PROFESSOR 2 TIMES UNIVERSITY COLOR HOLDER BEST DEBATER OF PUNJAB (2017) BEST POET OF PU CHANDIGARH (2016) COMEDY ADDICT FREELANCE MOTIVATIONAL SPEAKER YOUTUBER unacademy
Qualitative Research . Qualitative research is a process of naturalistic inquiry that seeks in-depth understanding of social phenomena within their natural setting. . It focuses on the "why" rather than the "what" of social phenomena and relies on the direct experiences of human beings as meaning-making agents in their every day lives. . Non-numeric - like observation, interview (since perspective of people differs) . Narrative description and field focused . Inductive (empirical)
Approaches to Qualitative research
1. Focus groups: In this method, a researcher brings together a small number of subjects to discuss the topic of interest. The group size is kept deliberately small so that the members express themselves more openly and also get more time as well 2. Direct observation: The data are collected by an external observer. 3. In-depth interviews: It is unstructured and has face- to-face interviews.
4. Narrative research: It is an approach to review the literature. Sometimes, it is contrasted with a systematic review. It tends to be less focused than a systematic review and seeks to arrive at a critical interpretation of the literature that it covers. .5. Phenomenology: It is a form of qualitative research in which the researcher attempts to understand how one or more individuals experience a phenomenon. For example, interviewing the wives of 10 prisoners of war and asking them to describe their experiences.
. 6. Ethnography: It is the process of studying and describing a culture (a culture is the shared attitudes, values, norms, practices, language, and material things of a group of people). It intends to provide an insider's picture of a community under study. A researcher may go and live in that specific community and study the culture and their educational practices. 7. Case study research: It is focused on providing a detailed account of one or more cases. For example, case study of a class that was given a new curriculum of IT.
8. Grounded theory: It is a qualitative approach to generate and develop a theory from data that the researcher collects. Role play, simulation, and diary methods are also used in qualitative research. . In qualitative field study, the depth of study is greater and the sample size is usually small, . Whereas in field survey, there is greater coverage of population but the depth of study may not be great.