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The Glory of Rome: From Republic to Empire, c. 200 BCE - 150 CE
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This lesson covers one of the pivots of global history, with Rome’s transition from Republic to Empire, and the massive global redistribution of resources that followed. The intellectual and cultural legacy of the empire are also discussed, as are some of its most famous emperors.

Anirudh Kanisetti
BITS Pilani (Goa), history blogger, artist, podcaster. www.anirudhkanisetti.com

Unacademy user
1. The majestic vaulted hall of Taq Kasra, which served as the palace of the Sasanian king Khosrow I, in the late 6th century, sometimes referred to as the Archway of Ctesiphon. The ancient city of Ctesiphon, on the banks of Tigris, is located about 35 km southeast of modern Baghdad, Iraq. Established in the late 120s BC, it was one of the great cities of late ancient Mesopotamia and the largest city in the world from 570 AD, until its fall in 637 AD, during the Muslim conquest. 2. Stone sculpture of a Gandharan Bodhisattva, 2nd – 3rd century CE, now in San Diego Museum of Art. Gandhara School of Art. 3. An 18th century painting showing Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Qin dynasty ‘burning all the books and throwing scholars into a ravine’ in order to stamp out ideological nonconformity after the unification of China in 221 BCE
2nd is Bodhisatva...3rd is something Chinese
  1. The Glory of Rome


  2. Welcome back! I'm Anirudh. I'm a history blogger, artist and BITS Pilani (Goa) graduate. You can find me at augustanblog.wordpress.com medium.com/@indicusmaximus (Top writer on history!)


  3. Time to sloo down and think As the foundations for Western Civilization begin to form, let's slow down the pace a little bit


  4. The Senate vs. The People of Rome The consequences of war and glory


  5. The Main Characters The aristocratic Senate, the commoners, and the soldiers


  6. Romans finally destroy Carthage: 146 BCE Corinth conquered in the same year. lo Triumphator! A violent military/aristocratic culture, exploited by ambitious men +The world's best military CONQUEST! A violent military/aristocratic culture, exploited by ambitious men + The world's best military CONQUEST! PONT Canthage caree NTMEENA THE MEDITERRANEAN, 129 BC Watch: BBC's Ancient Rome: the Rise and Fall of an Empire


  7. Soldiers and Slave.s Cheap labour is used by rich landowners to out-compete small farmers.. Who move to Rome for jobs Watch: BBC's Ancient Rome: the Rise and Fall of an Empire


  8. Death of Marius: 86 BCE Remind you of someone? Discontent because jobs weren't protected led to the election of ANYONE who would promise jobs/land/money/bread RUMP REAT AGAIN uitmcA the ent majori teal sTANDS WITH TRUMF RUMP IIN ER GREAT AGKIN TRUMP MARE AMERICA GREAT AGA UMP STANDS WITH Google: The Gracchus Brothers, Gaius Marius


  9. Death of Sulla: 78 BCE The Aristocracy Strikes Back The brillant aristocrat Sulla overthrows Marius, but the problems of the people aren't solved and are still exploited by popular generals Read: The Masters of Rome Series, by Colleen McCullough


  10. The First Triumvirate: 60 BCE A Tale of Three Generals At last, a ruthlessly intelligent aristocrat who knows what the people need Milan RIA Rome. Capus Nicomedia PONTUS Taras * Per Saguntum . -Athens NisihisAbela ATENE Nova HipPCarthage Carthago Nova - Antioclh CirtaCarthage Syracuse .Ekbatana Tingis Palmyra NUMIDIA Seleukeia -Sousa L eptis Babylon Cy Memphis Seleucids Ptolemies Artalids Parthia 111 Rome by 120 . Thehes Ian Mladjuv. THE MEDITERRANEAN, 129 BC


  11. Caesar crosses the Rubicon: 49 BCE The Divine Julius The nephew of Marius conquers Gaul, and marches on Rome. Rivalry destroys the Republic SPOR Pictone Read: Caesar: Life of a Colossus, by Adrian Goldsworthy


  12. Assassination of Julius Caesar: 15th March 44 BCE The Unconquerable God Caesar conquers Egypt but is assassinated before he can attack Parthia Read: The Death of Caesar, by Barry Strauss


  13. Octavian gains the title "Augustus: 27 BCE Augustus Finally Heals and Reforms the Empire Reorganisation, meritocracy, and tolerance lay the foundations of the greatest Empire ever seen OCEANUS MNI MARE INTERNUM NO S TRUM Watch: I, Claudius (BBC)


  14. Pompeii destroyed by volcanic eruption: 79 CE The Flavians As the Romans grow used to the Imperial rule, the Senate (for once) chooses a good Emperor Google: The Colosseum


  15. The Prosperity of Rome The Roman cultural juggernaut is unparalleled, as is its wealth. A great global redistribution of resources occurs


  16. The Legacy of the Principate The prestige, power, and cultural assimilation of Rome Roman Roads in Britain km 100 0 mi 50 tara Lin Segontium Vent coniu is Moridunum -Camelo- orinium Londiniu Callev sca Noviomagus


  17. Notes Rome had a Senate, but power ultimately lay with the People who were often exploited by ambitious generals A militaristic and warlike culture, the Romans subdued Carthage and expanded East Julius Caesar used his popularity with the soldiers and people to win a civil war but was assassinated His successor Augustus turned the Republic into an Empire, but his successors were unpopular Under the Five Good Emperors, Rome became the greatest power in the world, and laid the foundations for later civilizations


  18. The State of the World Trade, cultural exchange, and civilizations that laid the foundations for the ages to come


  19. The Sons of Heaven Guess what's next! MiT