VARC Mock-3 By Bhagyashree Ghosh
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Solution RC (Q1-5)
Q1-5 Read the following comprehension and answer the question that follows: RFID technology had humble beginnings in WWIl to identify Allied airplanes. From there, RFID technology was used to track nuclear material and animals. The technology took another jump and is currently used to track items through the supply chain. A RFID chip is a microchip that can transmit a static identifieror serial number for a short distance. Research is being done to help people medically with RFID technology. Microchips can help advance prosthetics use, help people hear better, or possibly even help paralyzed people move. The technology is available and being used to implant people with microchips.
RFID technology began in World War Il with an "Early Identification Friend or Foe (IFF) systems where it was possible for Allied fighters and anti-aircraft systems to distinguish their own returning bombers from aircraft sent by the enemy." Then shortly after WWII, Henry Stockman, who was an engineer, had a paper published called "Communication by Means of Reflected Power" where he came up with the idea for passive RFID chips. In 1960, RFID technology was used to identify and monitor hazardous material and nuclear power. The first commercial application with RFID was the Electronic Article Surveillance for anti-theft purposes. There were early attempts in 1960 in RFID technologv. For example, in 1963 Robert Richardson cre ted remotely activated radio frequency oweredd devices. In 1968 J. H. Vogelman was working on Passive Data Transmission Techniques Utilizing Radar Beams. Then in 1969 Otto Rittenback was working on Communication by Radar Beams. In the 1970's and 1980's researchers, universities, and even government agencies worked on RFID technology to make the chips smaller, cheaper, and able to transmit the frequency farther. Each tag could be preprogrammed with some basic functions that may include: "A kill command- disables the tag permanently * A sleep command- the tag no longer responds to queries, except upon receipt of a wake command. Read- sends ID to a reader
One of the first uses for RFID technology was in the agriculture industry. Tags were implanted into cattle. There were two main reasons for implanting cattle. The first was approximately one-third of the hide was damaged when the cattle were branded, which meant less usable leatheir. The chips allowed the farm to track and distinguish their animals from other people's cattle with the instead of branding. Second was for automated feeding. With the chip, automated feeding was allowed without worrying about if the cattle would be overfed. Within the medical field there are different ways that RFID can be incorporated. For example RFID chips can be used to track equipment within a hospital. Pharmaceutical companies can embed RFID chips into prescription bottle caps, cases or pallets to track the drug through the supply chain. Improvement of drug management at the manufacturer and in the distribution centres of CVS; errors in the delivery such as wrong types or numbers of drugs can be detected easily;
e Improvement in drug management in the stores; the central systems know how many goods are left in the smart shelves even in cases where they are at the wrong place in the shelf(supply management); e Improved handling of outdates, recalls, returns and damages; EPC stored on RFID can be used to detect certain types of mistakes or manipulations of drugs for example in cases where already used or cloned RFID tags are used.' Wristbands with an RFID chip embedded can help hospitals with patient safety requirements. Medical personnel can read the chip to get instant access to the patients' medical history, such has medication allergies, medications prescribed and dosage, and specimen results. Hospitals can also use RFID to implant chips into people with msrms of dementia or newborn babies, that way if the people leave a certain area, it will trigger an alarm alerting the staff. Medical staff would be able to react and stop the person before they left the hospital or specific ward. Some issues arise with implanting people with microchips though. Issues include, being able to track a person's previous and current location, their purchasing habits, legal and privacy concerns, as well as hacking their personal and financial information
Q1 What main idea, the said comprehension want to convey? Q2. Which option would weaken the idea that the technology is useful for dementia patients a) RrD cn be safely used in human being and newcaonelo the af to track wher the a) RFID can be safely used in human being b) More research is needed to expand the c) Human tracking and hacking has to be d) Hospitals and pharmaceutical industries e) RFID was highly misused during the and cattle as well use of RFID. checked with this technology. are the most benefited with RFID. Second World War. It will help the staff to track where the patient is and if they are not in their place can find them easily. A) B) The newborn may develop some additional disorders if they are exposed to radiation due to these electronic tags. C) The technology can be further upgraded to ensure that patients are happy and playful. The technology is also useful for other patients and not just newborns and dementia patients. D) E) The Technology can be used over doctors to track their position and attendance in a hospital.
Q3. Which of the following can be a suitable title to the passage? a) RFID-the story of its Q4. What be said about the author's stand? a) Factual b) Vitrolic c) Indignant d) Cynical e) taunting development b) Should RFID be used commercially? c) Shortcomings of RFID d) Research paper on RFID e) RFID the path to a new life
Q5. What is RFID exactly? a) An upcoming Technology with lots of potential b) A developed form of microchip c) A type of global positioning system d) A device to locate directions and locations e) A device used for spying people
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