NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR SCHEDULED CASTE ARTICLE-338 GOVT OF INDIA NCSC
OVERVIEW 1. It is constitutional body 2. Comes under article 338 3 National commission for women (1992,) o national commission for minorities(1993) O National commission for backward classes(1993) O National human rights commission (1993) O National commission for protection of child rights (2007) rights(2007 are statuary bodieso These are statuary bodies
EVOLUTION Originally, article 338 constitution-> special officers for SC & ST To investigate all the matters relating to the constitutional safeguards for the SC's and ST's O Report to the president on their working o He was designated as the commissioner for SC's and ST's 01978- (through a resolution) set up as a non statuary multimember The office of commissioner for sc's and st's also continued to exist .1978-through another resolution) modified the functions of commission and renamed it as the national commission for sc's and st's 65th constitutional amendment act of 1990 establishment of a multimember national commission for sc's and st's Replaced 1. Commission for Sc and St 2.Commission set up under the resolution of 1987 To be con.
89th constitutional amendment act of 2003 bifurcated- two separate bodies: 1.) National commission for SC(article 338) 2.) National commission for ST(article 338-A) OSeparate commission for sc's came into existence in 2004. e Consists of: Chairman Vice-chairman Three other members OThey are appointed by the president by warrant under his hand and seal Their conditions of service and tenure of office are also determined by the President.
FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMISSION lnvestigate and monitor. All matters related to constitutional and legal safeguards for the SC's Respect to deprivation of rights Advise on planning process of socio-economic development of the SC's Evaluate the progress of their development under the union or state. Reports upon working on these safeguards-present to the president-annually. Protection , welfare and development and advancements of the SC's as president may specify President places all such reports before the parliament. President also forwards any report of the commission pertaining to a state government to state governor. Governor places it before state legislature.
POWERS TO REGULATE ITS OWN PROCEDURE Commission has all powers of a civil court Summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person from any part of India Requisitioning any public record from any court or office. Issuing summons for the examinations of witnesses and documents. Any other matter which president may determine. Central govt. and state govt. are required to consult the commission on all major policy matters affecting the SC's. Commission has to investigate all the matters relating to constitutional and other legal safeguards for OBC'S and Anglo-indian community and report to president upon their working.