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National Commission for SCs and STs (Doubt Destroyer).
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In this lesson Rahul Agrawal has discussed important Constitutional bodies National Comission For SCs and STs. Must Watch video.

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Rahul Agrawal
The Ultimate Doubt Destroyer on Unacademy. One of the Top Educator on the Unacademy platform. Famous for Doubt destroyer series.

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  1. Constitutional bodies for UPSE CSE PRELIMS: 2018 -By Rahul Agrawal


  2. National Commission For SC's (NCSC R. AGRAWAL


  3. Facts 65th amendment (1990)- National commission for SCs & STs Bifurcated 89th amendment 2003 Dropped 5C (338) ST (338 - A) BC (338 - B) R. AGRAWAL


  4. Constitutional body - Article 338 Chairperson, vice chairperson, & 3 other members Appointed by the president R. AGRAWAL


  5. Functions of the commission: To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Castes under this Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards. To inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes. To participate and advise on the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State. To present to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards. R. AGRAWAL


  6. Functions of the commission To make in such reports recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for the effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection, welfare and socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes To discharge such other functions in relation to the protection, welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Castes as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify. R. AGRAWAL


  7. The Commission, while investigating any matter or inquiring into any complaint, complaint, has all the powers of a civil court trying a suit and in particular in respect of the v c ying a suit and in following matters: a) summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person from any part of India and examining him on oath b) Requiring the discovery and production of any document c) Receiving evidence on affidavits d) Requisitioning any public record from any court or office e) Issuing summons for the examination of witnesses and documents; and f) Any other matter which the President may determine. The Central government and the state governments are required to consult the Commission on all major policy matters affecting the SCs. R. AGRAWAL


  8. National Commission For ST's R. AGRAWAL


  9. National Commission for ST's Article 338-A Constitutional body Chairperson, vice chairperson + 3 other members Appointed by president R. AGRAWAL


  10. Functions: To present to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards; To make in such reports, recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection, welfare and socio- economic development of the Scheduled Tribes, and To discharge such other functions in relation to the protection, welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Tribes as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify. R. AGRAWAL


  11. Some extra added functions: Ownership rights in respect of minor forest produce to STS living in forest area Safeguard rights of tribunal Full implementation of PESA 1996 etc R. AGRAWAL


  12. Comptroller and auditor general of India (CAG R. AGRAWAL


  13. Appointment Appointed by president of India To uphold the constitution & the laws Holds office for period of 6 years (65 years) Removal - same as supreme court judge R. AGRAWAL


  14. Some important points:- CAG doesnot hold his office till the pleasure of the president. CAG is also the head of the Indian audit and accounts department. No minister can represent the CAG in parliament. Not eligible for further office. CAG helps the legislatures hold their respective governments accountable R. AGRAWAL


  15. 1) He audits all transactions of the Central and state governments related to debt, sinking funds, deposits, advances, suspense accounts and remittance business 2) He audits the accounts of any other authority when requested by the 3) He advises the President with regard to prescription of the form in which the 4) He ascertains and certifies the net proceeds of any tax or duty and his 5) He acts as a guide, friend and philosopher of the Public Accounts Committee 6) He compiles and maintains the accounts of state governments. In 1976, he President or Governor e.g. Local bodies. accounts of the Centre and states shall be kept. certificate is final on the matter. of the Parliament. was relieved of his responsibilities with regard to the compilation and maintenance of accounts of the Central government due to separation of e accounts from audit. R. AGRAWAL


  16. CAG submits 3 audit reports to the president: Audit report on appropriation accounts Audit report on finance accounts Audit report on public undertakings President (both houses) Public account committee to examine R. AGRAWAL


  17. Types of Audit performed by CAG Regulatory Audit: It is an audit to ascertain whether the moneys spent were authorised for the purpose for which they were spent and also that the d was in conformity with the I Supplementary Audit: CAG takes up supplementary audits in PSUs, even after the commercial audits are done by the auditors appointed by the CAG, for detection of leakages. Propriety Audit: It focuses on whether the expenditure made is in public interest or not i.e. it moves beyond mere scrutiny of expenditure to question its wisdom and economy in order to identify cases of improper expenditure and waste of public money. R. AGRAWAL


  18. Tvpes of Audit performed by CAG Efficiency Audit: Efficiency audit as the name suggests answers the question whether the money invested yields optimum results. The main purpose of the efficiency audit is to ensure that the investment is prioritized and channeled into its most profitable utilization. Performance Audit: Performance audit answers whether the government programmes such as NREGA have achieved the desired objectives at the lowest cost and given the intended benefits. It generally does not get into the merits-demerits of a particular policy/scheme rather looks into the effectiveness with which the scheme is implemented and any deficiencies thereof. Environmental Audit: This is a relatively new area of concern for the CAG keeping in mind the challenges facing India with respect to conservation and management of the environment. More than 100 audits on environmental issues like bio-diversity, pollution of rivers, waste management have been conducted by the CAG to identify critical issues anL suggest possible solutions by involving all stakeholders.