Abhishek Pandey is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND By Abhishek Pandey
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1919 (Montague- Chelmsford Reforms) The transferred subjects were to be administered by the Governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the Legislative Council. While Governor was not responsible toward Legislative Council in the discharge of reserved subjects. (i) (ii) Separate representation was given to Sikhs, Christians, Anglo-Indians, Europeans etc (ii) A high commissioner for India was appointed whose duty was to look after Indian Trade in Europe
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1919 (Montague- Chelmsford Reforms) (i) For the first time Indian Central Legislature was made bicameral (two Houses) (ii) For the first time, direct elections in the country were introduced. It granted franchise to a limited number of people on the basis of property, tax or education (ii) It also provided for the establishment of the Public Service Commission, which was established in 1926
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1935 (i) Establishment of an All India Federation inclusive of Governor's Provinces, Chief Commissioners Provinces and States (ii) Council of States having 260 members (156 from British India & 104 from Indian States) was to be permanent House with 1/3rd members to retire every years. (ii) Federal Assembly having 5 year duration consist of 375 members (250 from British India & 125 from Indian States)
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1935 (i) It abolished the Council of India, established by the Government of India Act, 1858. (ii) The Act provided for s Federal Court and a Federal Bank
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Indian Independence Act, 1947 (i) This act called for the two dominions, namely India and Pakistan. (ii) It asked power to be transferred to the Indians or August 15, 1947.