Abhishek Pandey is teaching live on Unacademy Plus
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND By Abhishek Pandey
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Charter Act, 1813 (i) Company's monopoly over trade was abolished in India but its monopoly over trade with China and for trade in tea retained (ii) Constitutional position of the British territories in India was explicitly defined for the first time. (ii) This act asked Company to spend one lakh rupees every year on the education of Indians hristian missionaries were permitted to preach their religion in India (iv) C
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Charter Act, 1833 (i) Company lost its monopoly over trade with China also and it was asked to close the commercial business. The Company became a purely administrative body. It made the Governor General of Bengal as the Governor General of India. (ii) This act asked government to abolish slavery in India
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Charter Act, 1853 (i) Separation of executive and legislative functions of the Governor General's Council (ii) It provided for addition of six new members called Legislative Councillors to the Council. It was known as Indian (Central) Legislative Council (ii) An open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants was introduced (iv) For first time local representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council was allowed
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1858 It brought an end to the Company's rule and transferred power to the British Crown (i) (ii) It changed the designation of Governor General of India to that of Viceroy of India and he was appointed as the direct representative of British Crown in India (ii) Dual Government introduced by Pitt's Act was abolished by this act. (iv) This act proposed highly centralised administratiorn
Landmarks in the Development of Constitution Government of India Act, 1858 (i) A new office of Secretary of State for India was created and he was vested with complete authority and control over Indian administration. The Secretary of State was a member of the British Cabinet and was responsible ultimately to the British Parliament.