Sign up now
to enroll in courses, follow best educators, interact with the community and track your progress.
Download
6th June 2018 Part-2: Daily News Analysis (in Hindi)
11,401 plays

More

Jatin Verma is teaching live on Unacademy Plus

Jatin Verma
Have appeared in UPSC CSE thrice. Have been taking Unacademy Plus courses Academics- Polity, Economics & Current Affairs.

U
Unacademy user
sir art 370 and 35 A laxmikant me se kia jaaye?
yur course is really helpful sir.....but plzz mention in front of the news title that its from gs-1,gs-2 or gs-3:) tq
this is my first video watch of DNA. i learnt that i need to focus more on newspaper reading skills and give some time to go into the details and important keywords.
Nd sir aap Hindi me bhi translate kr ke smjhYebnaa plz
sir where to find the PIB's pdf in your facebook channel? cant find it there....
  1. to Page 1: Centre not to file counter-affidavit on Article 35A at thh Centre has decided not to file any "counter-affidavit" on Article 35A, which has been challenged in the SC through a PIL petition. Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice ofthe Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet in 1954. p It grants a special status to Jammu and Kashmir. It was included in the Constitution by a re he Presidential Order Article 35A allows the Jammu and Kashmir legislature to: > Decide the "permanent residents" of the State, Prohibit a non-State resident from buying property in the State. Ensure reservation in employment for residents. e ar k h ent CM Mehbooba Mufti & former CM, Omar Abdullah, had objected to any tinkering with provision. Court order:_A senior official explained that Attorney-General K.K. Venugopal informed the court ,u, last year of Centre's decision not to file any counter-affidavit. The SC gave an order stating the same. . The Centre would stick to the order, though it was an interim one. On July 17, 2017, the court recorded: "Learned Attorney General, representing the Union of India, states that a conscious decision has been taken not to file any counter-affidavit in this case because the issues, which are raised for adjudication, are pure questions of law." State govt. has filed an affidavit opposing any such move. tis


  2. Home Minister is expected to visit Srinagar and Jammu on June 7 and 8. The visit comes amid the Centre's decision to suspend security at th Centre not to file counter-affidavit on Article 35A PIL plea against provision for J&K operations during the month of Ramzan During his last v to the Valley in pSeptember, Mr. Singh was non-committal on he the Centre's stand on filing any affidavit. The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order followed the 1952Delhi Agreement between Nehru and the then PM of Jammu and Kashmir, Sheikh Abdullah, which extended Indian citizenship to the 'State The genesis A look at Article 35A, whose constitutional validity has been challenged in the Supreme Court Article 35A was incorporated into the Article 35A bars Constitution by a presidential order ona non-J&K resident the advice of the Cabinet in 1954 e ar k h ent from buying property in . The order of 1954 followed the 1952 Delhi Agreement between Jawaharlal Nehru and the then J&K Prime Minister Sheikh Abdullah, which extended Indian citizenship to the State subjects' of J&K the State and subiects' of Jammu and Kashmir ensures j reservation State decides tis that en thec


  3. Recent issue surrounding Article 35 A Background: Article 35A is a provision incorporated in the Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are 'permanent residents' of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in: [i] public sector jobs, i acquisition of property in the State, [iil scholarships and other public aid and welfare. .The Presidential Order was issued under Article 370 (D(d)of the Constitution. This provision allows the President to make certain "exceptions and modifications" to the Constitution for the benefit of 'State subjects' of Jammu and Kashmir The provision mandates that no act of the legislature coming under it can be challenged for violating the Constitution or any other law ofthe land Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution in 1954 by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of the Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet. The controversial Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order of 1954 extended Indian citizenship to the 'State subjects' of Jammu and Kashmir


  4. Why does it matter now? The parliamentary route of lawmaking was bypassed when the President incorporated Article 35A into the Constitution. Article 368 (i) of the Constitution empowers only Parliament to amend the Constitution. So did the President act outside his jurisdiction? >Is Article 35A void because the Nehru government did not place it before Parliament for . discussion? A five-judge Bench of the Supreme Court in its March 1961 judgment in Puranlal Lakhanpal vs. The President of India discusses the President's powers under Article 370 to 'modify' the Constitution. Though the court observes that the President may modify an existing provision in the Constitution under Article 370, the judgment is silent as to whether the President can, without the Parliament's knowledge, introduce a new Article. This question remains open. 2017 Jatin Verma. All Rights Reserved.


  5. A writ petition filed by NGO We the Citizens challenges the validity of both Article 35A and Article 370. .It argues that four representatives from Kashmir were part of the Constituent Assembly involved in the drafting of the Constitution and the State of Jammu and Kashmir was never accorded any special status in the Constitution. .Article 370 was only a 'temporary provision' to help bring normality in Jammu and Kashmir and strengthen democracy in that State. .The Constitution-makers did not intend Article 370 to be a tool to bring permanent amendments, like Article 35A, in the Constitution. Attorney-General has called for a debate in the Supreme Court on the sensitive subject. The court has indicated that the validity of Articles 35A and 370 may ultimately be decided by a Constitution Bench. weeks. O 2017 Jatin Verma. All Rights Reserved


  6. The petition in the Court The petition says Article 35A was illegally added to the Constitution of India as the Article was never proposed before the Parliament. The petition said Article 35 A is against the "very spirit of oneness of India" as it creates a "class within a class of Indian citizens" Restricting citizens from other States from getting employment or buying property within Jammu and Kashmir is a violation of fundamental rights under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution. .A second petition filed by Jammu and Kashmir native has challenged Article 35A for protecting certain provisions of the Jammu and Kashmir Constitution, which restrict the basic right to property if a native woman marries a man not holding a permanent resident certificate. Her children are denied a permanent resident certificate, thereby considering them illegitimate O2017 Jatin Verma. All Rights Reserved


  7. to Page 5 South News: Kerala to remain on public health emergency alert at thh Health Minister reassured the Assembly that no new Nipah cases were reported so far in the much Nipah has an incubation period of 21 days and State would continue to remain on the public re Patients tested positive for Nipah only when the infection peaked and doctors have factored it in to dreaded "second wave" of the viral flare-up in north Kerala health emergency alert at least until the end of June. eteir treatment protocol. The government has imported anti-Nipah drugs from Australia Currently, no patient required the administration of the untested medicine. However, the government has stored it in -80 C cold chamber for use if needed e ar k h > It has also supplied anti-contamination suits, masks, and gloves to caregivers and medical personnel who run the highest risk of contracting the infection. Page 5 South News: Saudi bans Kerala's produce Saudi Arabia has banned frozen and processed fruit and vegetable imports from Kerala amid concerns over the deadly Nipah virus outbreak. stay On May 29, the UAE had banned imports from Kerala. UAE officials announced that 100 tonnes of fruit, vegetables, and fresh produce that were to be imported from Kerala were prohibited from entry. tis


  8. to Page 7 Nation News: Farmers want response from govt. by June 10 at thh As the 10-day 'gaon bandh' reached its midpoint on Tuesday, farm leaders vowed to widen their agitation if the govt failed to respond to their demands by June 10. Farmers have warned to take the protest to the whole country, make it a jan andolan. Their demands include a complete loan waiver, higher support prices and an assured minimum income pfor farmerS he Farmers' unions from Punjab decided to pull out of the protest after June 6, citing outbreaks of violence and the forcible closure of roads to prevent farmers heading to market. Protesters will commemorate the death anniversary of six farmers killed in police firing in * Mandsaur during protests last year. e ar k h ent tis that


  9. Page 7 Nation News: Fortified rice likely through public distribution system (PDS): Minister * Union Food Ministry was mulling over a proposal to distribute fortified rice through the PDS. at thh Mr. Paswan said The prices of grains supplied through PDS would not be increased till June 2019. Planning is made to introduce rice fortified with essential vitamins and minerals. The food subsidy has increased by 26% since 2014 and Centre is bearing the bulk of subsidy bill with very few States contributing to it re he The Ministry claims to have achieved: . 100% digitisation of ration cards 83% Aadhar seeding 60% of automation of fair price shops. e ar k h ent tis that


  10. to Page 7 Nation News: Promotions in govt. offices should go ahead, says SC at thh SC has observed that promotions in govt. offices should go ahead in "accordance with law . The court was responding to the govt's complaint that the entire promotion process was in limbo because of uncertainty over reservation in promotion for the SC/ST employees A Bench of Justices A.K. Goel and Ashok Bhushan said nothing prevented the govt from re promoting employees in accordance with law. But the court was not clear about the law it was Ihereferring to At a standstill' Additional Solicitor-General said promotions had come to a "standstill" because of the status quo e ar k h ent order passed by the court in 2015 after the HCs gave orders at cross-purposes Justice Goel observed that the Union of India is not debarred from making promotions in accordance with law, subject to further orders, pending further consideration of the matter. Mr. Singh said the petition before the Bench was the Centre's challenge to the Delhi High Court's verdict of August 23 last, quashing the govt. order extending reservation in promotion to employees of the SC and the ST beyond 5 years from November 16, 1992 He argued that the SC's 2006 judgement in the M. Nagaraj case was applicable to reservation in promotion. tis


  11. to Constitution Check at thh In the 2006 judgment, the Apex Court had held that it is not mandatory for the State to make reservations for SC/ST in matter of promotions. However, if the State did wish to exercise its discretion, it is supposed to gather quantifiable data showing backwardness of the class and inadequacy of representation of that class in public employment, in addition to compliance with Article 335, It was further held that the State is required to adhere to the ceiling-limit of 50% and abstain from obliterating the creamy layer or extending the reservation indefinitely November 2017: A Bench comprising Justice Kurian Joseph and Justice R. Banumathi had, referred the matter to a Constitution Bench. . k h ent . It had noted that the question pertained to the interpretation of the provisions in the backdrop of three Constitution Bench decisions V Indra Sawhney and others v. Union of India, EV Chinnaiah v. State of AP and M Nagaraj and others v. Union of India and others. tis that


  12. to . What the petition argues? at thh The Petitions before the Court had further pointed out that even though both, Nagaraj and Chinnaiah dealt with the same subject, the judgment in Chinnaiah has not been referred to in Nagaraj's case. Reconsideration of the five-judge bench judgment in Nagaraj case was sought mainly on the ground p that the SC had erred by seeking test of backwardness before grant of reservation in promotion. On he Tuesday, a two judge bench had said in its referral order, "Petitioners have argued for a relook of Nagaraj specifically on the ground that test of backwardness ought not to be applied to SCs/STs. Apart from the clamour for revisit, further questions were raised about: Application of the principle of creamy layer (which was applied only to OBC quota by Indra Sawhney-Mandal judgment) in situations of competing claims within the same races, communities, groups and parts thereof of SC/ST notified by the President under Articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India A five-judge bench in 2006 had laid down stiff conditions for governments to provide reservation in promotion to SC/ST communities under Articles 16 (4A) and 16 (4B) Article 16 (4B) provided accelerated promotion to SC/ST employees on roster point system, which . e ar k h could give six-year advantage to such employees to reach top positions in departments compared to general category employees. tis


  13. to Page 7 Nation News: Malkangiri's former Maoists switch from guns to pens at thh . Malkangiri district police in Odisha has taken up the mantle to educate former Maoists, who were once trained to raise guns against the security forces. owing to the efforts and coaching of police officials: . P107 surrendered former Maoists of Malkangiri district were now appearing in the >Most of them were appearing for the commerce course, which could be a catalyst for their . It was an achievement of the Mission Education' initiated by Malkangiri police in 2017 with an re he examinations for Bachelors Preparatory Course (BPP) of IGNOU this month. decent livelihood in future. e ar k h ent aim to provide free education to surrendered Maoists and their supporters living in remote pockets of this Maoist infested district. Police officials had taken active role in the training. Police officials took classes for the surrendered Maoists at district police headquarters every weekend during past 6 months to get them prepared for BPP examination A private tutor was assigned to help out these students and authorities of IGNOU study centre of Malkangiri also extended support Out of the 120 students 107 decided to take up IGNOU's BPP exam in June this year. tis en thec


  14. to What is the new proposed amendment to the Citizenship Act? The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2016, seeks to amend the 1955 Act to permit members of six communities- Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan eligible for citizenship if they had entered the country before December 14, 2014. Under the original Act, an applicant seeking citizenship by naturalisation must have resided in India during the last 12 months, and for 11 of the previous 14 years. The proposed Bill relaxes the 11 . at thh r re he year requirement to six years for applicants belonging to these six religious communities and three countries Many organisations in Assam are up in arms against the proposed Bill, which they fear may trigger demographic change in Assam as illegal Bangladeshi Hindu migrants are granted citizenship Several BJP allies are against the amendment; in Meghalaya, where the BJP is part of the government, the state cabinet took a decision to oppose the Bill Enthusiasm for the Bill is largely restricted to the Bangla-speaking people in the Barak Valley. The Bill is unlikely to withstand scrutiny in court, as it discriminates against Muslims only on the grounds of religion, which is prohibited by Article 15(1) of the Constitution. e ar k h ent . . tis that


  15. Page 10 News: Centre_seeks update on SIMI activities at thh . The Centre has written to the State govts seeking an update on the activities of the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) ahead of deciding whether or not to extend the ban on the organisation beyond January 2019 In a communication to all States, the Home Ministry said the ban imposed under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) would end on January 31 2019, but if the Union govt found that the group continued to indulge in unlawful activities, with a potential to threaten the re he secular fabric of the country, then the prohibition might be imposed afresh Cases registered on or after February 1, 2014, and their status which can stand judicial scrutiny, any other relevant information concerning SIMI along with the State govt's assessment and recommendation for a fresh ban may be furnished and a nodal officer may also k h ent be nominated for regular interaction and follow up . The Home Ministry said it was essential to watch the activities of SIMI and if its membership continued, then ipso facto a case of unlawful activity under the law was made out. The communication said If this organisation and its members commit offences in furtherance of their aims and objectives, then the charge sheet would have to contain the reference to such violation of Act. This is important since the evidence of such activities in the form of FIRs and charge sheets are required to be produced before the Tribunal. lis


  16. to Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI It was established on April 25, 1977, in U.P.'s Aligarh, and the organisation's allegedly agenda is at th to liberate India by converting it into an Islamic country. Described as a terrorist organisation, the SIMI was first declared an outlawed outfit in 2001 Since then, it has been declared a banned group under the relevant law p The last time it was declared a banned outfit was under the UAPA on February 1, 2014, for a he period of 5 years re The ban was then confirmed by a tribunal on July 30, 2014 Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA * The Act came after the 16th CAA, 1963 which placed reasonable restrictions on [Ar.19(1) e ar [Ar. 192)], Ar193)] Crime under the Act: ent Supporting any secessionist movement -> Threatening the nation's economic security > Supporting a foreign power's claim over Indian territories Member of terrorist gang or unlawful associations or terrorist organisation Raising funds for terrorist activities (including the production and circulation of Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) tis that


  17. to Page 11 News: Environment Day bouquet: 539 species discovered in India in 2017 at thh As many as 539 new species of plants and animals were discovered by scientists and taxonomists in the country in 2017, as suggested by Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) and the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) Animal Discoveries 2017: from the ZSI lists 300 newly discovered species of fauna. 241 invertebrates 27 species of fish re he 18 of amphibians 12 ofreptiles Plant Discoveries 2017: lists as many as 239 newly found flora species. e ar k h > Besides this, the biodiversity recorded 263 species (174 new animals and 89 plants found). New fossils The highlight of the animal discoveries is a new fossil reptilian species: Shringasaurus indicus The important discoveries include: I. A frog species, Nasikabatrachus bhupathi, with snout-shaped nose like a pig and named afte Indian herpetologist S. Bhupathy. II. A snake, Rhabdops aquaticus, discovered from the northern Western Ghats and deriving its name from the Latin word for water in reference to its presence in freshwater bodies. lis par een tho


  18. . In terms of animal discoveries, over 18% of the new species were discovered from both the eastern i and western Himalayas. Kerala's record * Among the States, Kerala recorded the highest number of discoveries: 66 species, subspecies sol oi.ants and 52 seis ninals 24species, ubspecies and varieties rded 27 and varieties of plants and 52 species of animals p Tamil Nadu recorded 31 new species of animals and 24 species, subspecies and varieties of plants. he West Bengal, which has the distinction of having both Himalayan and coastal ecosystems, recorded 27 discoveries in categories of plants and 45 discoveries of animal species e ar k h ent lis par een tho


  19. to Page 11 News: Nitrogen emissions going up: stud at thh First-ever quantitative assessment of nitrogen pollution in India says that Nitrogen particles make up the largest fraction of PM2.5 (pollutants closely linked to cardiovascular & respiratory illness). While the burning of crop residue is said to be a key contributor to winter smog in many parts of North India, it contributes over 240mn kg of nitrogen oxides (NOx: most relevant for air pollution, pnamely nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide) and about 7 mn kg of nitrous oxide (N20O) per year. e Indian Nitrogen Assessment: It assesses the sources, impacts, trends and future scenarios of reactive nitrogen in the Indian environment The leading trend Though agriculture remains the largest contributor to nitrogen emissions, the non-agricultural e ar k h emissions of nitrogen oxide and nitrous dioxide are growing rapidly, with sewage and fossil-fuel burning for power, transport and industry. >-Indian NOx emissions grew at 52% from 1991 to 2001 and 69% from 2001 to 2011 Annual NOx emissions from coal, diesel and other fuel combustion sources are growing at 6.5% a year currently. As fertilizer, nitrogen is one of the main inputs for agriculture, but inefficiencies along the food chain mean about 80% of nitrogen is wasted, contributing to air and water pollution plus reenhouse gas emissions, thereby causing threats for human health, ecosystems and livelihoods lis


  20. to Page 11 News: India's per capita plastic use among lowest: Modi at thh At the World Environment Day, PM Modi said that India has among the lowest per capita consumption of plastic in the world, "much lower" than that of many developed countries. He said India was committed to reducing the use of plastic and would join the Clean Seas programme, a re. Plastic threatens to be a menace to humanity. It is already having a deadly impact on the marine The issues include: declining fish catches, warming oceans, vanishing habitats and the major He said that as part of Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), India was committed to As per CPCB, India generates about 15,000 tonnes of plastic waste every day, of which about 40% Sweden-led initiative to reduce littering of marine ecosvstems. ecosystem transboundary problem of micro-plastics. e ar k h reducing 33-35% of emission intensity of its GDP during 2005-2030 remains uncollected. About 70% of the plastic packaging products become "waste" in a short span of time. > While plastics have a wide variety of applications, the global rally is against the so-called "single use" or disposable plastic, used in bottles, cups, wrapping paper and bags. > Together, they account for over half the plastic produced lis


  21. LT to CRISIL expects moderation in slippages, better recoveries from NPAs and improved provision coverage to bode well for banks, i.e. in case of SMA-2 advances, the exposures have halved. at thh NCLT referrals e Further, prospects of recovery from stressed accounts referred to the National Company Lavw Tribunal are improving heMore than a quarter of the 3.3 lakh crore worth of cases referred to NCLT for resolution are from the steel sector, which has seen heightened bidding interest due to improving prospects for the sector Page 13 Business News: Services PMI contracts in May e ar k h ent India's services sector activity contracted for the first time in three months in May as new business orders stagnated and cost pressures intensified amid higher fuel prices, according to a monthly survey. However, a "bright spot" was that business sentiment was the strongest since January 2015, rooted in expectations of improvements in demand conditions in the year ahead. . . The seasonally adjusted Nikkei India Services Business Activity Index fell, indicating a marginal contraction in business activity, following a 2-month period of growth. lis


  22. to Page 13 Business News: Cross-holding norms issued for rating firms SEBI has imposed a 10% cap on cross-shareholding in credit rating agencies at thh > It has raised their net worth requirement to Rs. 25 crore from Rs. 5 crore and disallowed an agency from having a seat on a rival's board. . It is likely to have an impact on global rating agencies like S&P, Moody's and Fitch which have significant holdings in domestic agencies besides their direct presence. Under the new rules he A credit rating agency (CRA) will not, directly or indirectly, have more than 10% of shareholding or voting rights in another CRA It would not have representation on the board of the other CRA. Permission needed: e ar k h ent Further, SEBI's prior approval would be needed for acquisition of shares or voting rights in a CRA that results in change in control. A shareholder with 10% stake or voting rights in a CRA will not hold similar holding or voting rights in any other CRA. This restriction will not apply to holdings by Pension Funds, Insurance schemes and Mutual Fund schemes. SEBI has given 3 years to existing CRAs to comply with the net worth requirement, lis


  23. to Page 13 Business News: Will achieve 175 GW renewable energy target before 2022 Power and Renewable Energy Minister R.K. Singh said: . India will reach its target of 175 GW of renewable energy capacity well before the deadline of at thh 2022 Bids for the entire amount will be completed by 2020 itself. . eGovt. would also achieve complete household electrification by the end of this calendar year. he He said, "n the 48 years before 2014, the pace of capacity addition in generation was about 4,800 MW a year. In the 48 months of this government, the pace of capacity addition was 24,000 MW a year. That's 4.8 times . On the govt's household electrification scheme, he said that the govt. is focussing electrification on those households that belong to backward communities, including SC and ST households. ent .On renewable energy target, Mr. Singh said the govt. hoped to touch 225 GW by 2022 lis


  24. Page 13 Business News: Trade war a 'lose-lose' situation, says Rajan Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan expressed concern over escalation of a trade war between the U.S. and China * He said: It would be a "lose-lose" situation if the two economies carried out their threats. He also cautioned that the situation could get 'out of control very quickly', hampering global he growth Biggest risk: He said, the biggest risk is the combination of rising interest rates and some untoward action on trade He observed: e ar k h ent It is the perception that with all the leverage that's out there, interest rates rising are already an issue that we'l have to deal with, but that's out there. "The great uncertainty is what happens with trade, if there is a trade conflagration in the ui next few months that could really hamper the global economy lis par een tho