Daily News Analysis » April 2024 » Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI): 29 April 2024

Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI): 29 April 2024

About GANHRI::

  • Established: 1993 in Tunis, Tunisia; initially known as the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions, renamed to GANHRI in 2016.
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Vision: To ensure everyone, everywhere, fully enjoys their human rights.
  • Partnership: Tripartite with UNDP and OHCHR to enhance the capabilities of National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs).
  • Functionality:
    • Membership: Includes 115 NHRIs globally, leading and supporting the promotion and protection of human rights.
    • Unique Feature: The only non-UN body with an internal accreditation system based on the 1993 Paris Principles granting access to UN committees.

Paris Principles:

  • Established: 1993, adopted by the UN General Assembly.
  • Purpose: Standards guiding the work of NHRIs.


  • Accreditation Process:
    • Sub-Committee on Accreditation: Conducts peer reviews for initial and re-accreditation every five years.
    • Ratings:
      • A Status: Full compliance with Paris Principles; can vote and hold office in GANHRI.
      • B Status: Partial compliance; can attend GANHRI meetings but cannot vote or hold governance positions.
  • India’s NHRC:
    • Accreditation: “A” status by GANHRI.
    • History: Accredited in 1999, maintained “A” status in 2006 and 2011; deferred in 2016, restored after a year.
    • Current Review: On hold due to concerns about composition procedures, involvement of police in investigations, and lack of diversity in gender and minority representation.
    • Impact: Accreditation status affects voting rights at the UN Human Rights Council and some UNGA bodies.

Why in News:

  • Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions would be reviewing India’ accreditation status this year.